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Geosciences 2018, 8(2), 52; https://doi.org/10.3390/geosciences8020052

A Non-Extensive Statistical Mechanics View on Easter Island Seamounts Volume Distribution

Laboratory of Geophysics and Seismology, UNESCO Chair on Solid Earth Physics and Geohazards Risk Reduction, Technological Educational Institute of Crete, Chania, GR 73133 Crete, Greece
Received: 27 December 2017 / Revised: 15 January 2018 / Accepted: 29 January 2018 / Published: 5 February 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Submarine Volcanic Hazards: Ancient and Modern Perspectives)
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Abstract

In the volcanic complex processes, inherent long-range interactions exist suggesting that Non-Extensive Statistical mechanics could be used to describe fundamental properties of the system. Based on the non-extensive Tsallis entropy a frequency-volume distribution function is suggested for the Easter Island-Salas y Gomez seamounts chain. Our results demonstrate the applicability of fundamental principles of Tsallis entropy to derive the cumulative distribution of seamounts volumes. The work suggests that the processes responsible for hotspot seamount formation are complex and the cumulative frequency-volume distribution of seamounts in the Easter Island/Salas y Gomez Chain (ESC) are well-described by a q-exponential function. The analysis leads to a non-extensive index q = 1.54 in agreement with that presented in other geodynamic or laboratory scale effects. View Full-Text
Keywords: Tsallis entropy; Easter island seamounts; volume distribution; systems obeying scaling laws; complex volcanic systems Tsallis entropy; Easter island seamounts; volume distribution; systems obeying scaling laws; complex volcanic systems
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Vallianatos, F. A Non-Extensive Statistical Mechanics View on Easter Island Seamounts Volume Distribution. Geosciences 2018, 8, 52.

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