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Open AccessArticle

Sea-Air CO2 Exchange in the SW Iberian Upwelling System during Two Contrasting Climate Cycles: 860–780 ka and 630–520 ka

Department of Geology, University of Salamanca, Plaza de los Caídos s/n, 27008 Salamanca, Spain
Geosciences 2018, 8(12), 454; https://doi.org/10.3390/geosciences8120454
Received: 4 September 2018 / Revised: 29 November 2018 / Accepted: 1 December 2018 / Published: 4 December 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Ocean-Atmosphere Interaction)
Analysis of planktonic and benthic foraminifers’ accumulation rates from the Iberian margin reveal a substantial change in the biogenic ocean-atmosphere CO2 exchange during the Mid-Pleistocene Transition (MPT; ~800–650 ka from present). Such changes resulted from the major reorganisations in both surface and deep-water circulation that occurred in the North Atlantic at the time, and affected the behaviour of this upwelling region as a CO2 uptake/release area during climate cycles before and after the MPT. During Marine Isotope Stages (MIS) 21-MIS 20 (860–780 ka), this margin acted mostly as an uptake area during interglacials and early glacials. During glacial maxima and terminations it would be neutral because, although surface production and export were very low, carbon storage occurred at the seafloor. During MIS 15-MIS 14 (630–520 ka), the pattern was the opposite, and the Iberian margin worked as a neutral, or as a source area during most interglacials, while during glacials it acted as an important uptake area. Present findings support the idea that glacial/interglacial atmospheric pCO2 oscillations are partly driven by alterations in the meridional overturning circulation that results in substantial variations of the biological pump, and carbon sequestration rate, in some high-productivity regions. View Full-Text
Keywords: Air-sea CO2 exchange; Mid-Pleistocene Transition (MPT); North Atlantic; upwelling; climate change Air-sea CO2 exchange; Mid-Pleistocene Transition (MPT); North Atlantic; upwelling; climate change
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MDPI and ACS Style

Martin-Garcia, G.M. Sea-Air CO2 Exchange in the SW Iberian Upwelling System during Two Contrasting Climate Cycles: 860–780 ka and 630–520 ka. Geosciences 2018, 8, 454. https://doi.org/10.3390/geosciences8120454

AMA Style

Martin-Garcia GM. Sea-Air CO2 Exchange in the SW Iberian Upwelling System during Two Contrasting Climate Cycles: 860–780 ka and 630–520 ka. Geosciences. 2018; 8(12):454. https://doi.org/10.3390/geosciences8120454

Chicago/Turabian Style

Martin-Garcia, Gloria M. 2018. "Sea-Air CO2 Exchange in the SW Iberian Upwelling System during Two Contrasting Climate Cycles: 860–780 ka and 630–520 ka" Geosciences 8, no. 12: 454. https://doi.org/10.3390/geosciences8120454

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