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Geosciences 2017, 7(3), 67;

The Isopach Mapping of Volcanic Deposits of Mount Samalas 1257 AD Based on the Values of Resistivity and Physical Properties

Physics Department, Universitas Mataram, Nusa Tenggara Barat 83125, Indonesia
Physics Department, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta 55281, Indonesia
Geography Department, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta 55281, Indonesia
Laboratoire de Géographie Physique, UMR 8591, Université Paris 1 Panthéon Sorbonne, Meudon CEDEX, 92195 Paris, France
Researcher at Re. Ctr. For Geotechnology, Indonesian Institute of Science, Bandung 40135, Indonesia
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 27 April 2017 / Revised: 3 July 2017 / Accepted: 6 July 2017 / Published: 7 August 2017
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A detailed study had been conducted on the sediment of Mount Samalas’ volcanic eruption in 1257 AD. Using the framework of the reconstruction of the ancient eruption of Mount Samalas, the first step was to map and analyze the deposits of volcanic sediment. Secondly, we analyzed the effect of geomorphology and the distance function to the isopach thickness. The results show that a combination of methods allowed to provide a high resolution map of the distribution of the thickness of the volcanic deposits, both on the slope and in alluvial areas. Geo-electric survey results (both Vertical Electric Sound (VES) and 2D mapping) show consistent changes in the pattern of contrast resistivity layer interface, for all areas. The pattern changes in a row of the top layer, the high resistivity turned into the low. Furthermore, the second and third layer interface changes from low to the high resistivity. High resistivity on the top layer is interpreted as a layer of unconsolidated volcanic sediment. High resistivity values are range from 736 to 2000 Ohm.m on the top layer in the area of the slopes while in the area of alluvial, the resistivity values range from 20 to 958 Ohm.m. Generally, the volcanic deposits in the area of the slopes have a higher value of isopach (>17 m) than in areas of alluvial (<25 m). The geomorphology seemed to have no significant effect on the isopach value, particularly pyroclastic fallout. Such is the case with distance from the source to the site, which is not linear. The value of isopach increases westward from 21 to 31 km, in contrast to the East, which began to occur at a distance of 14 km to 21 km. View Full-Text
Keywords: volcanic deposits; isopach; paleo-topography; resistivity volcanic deposits; isopach; paleo-topography; resistivity

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Hiden, H.; Brotopuspito, K.S.; Sri Hadmoko, D.; Lavigne, F.; Airaksinen, K.B.; Mutaqin, B.W.; Hananto, N.D.; Handayani, L.; Sudrajat, Y.; Suryanto, W. The Isopach Mapping of Volcanic Deposits of Mount Samalas 1257 AD Based on the Values of Resistivity and Physical Properties. Geosciences 2017, 7, 67.

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