Introduction to the Special Issue on Climate Change and Geosciences
- Increased rainfall during storms directly affects stormwater runoff in urbanizing watersheds in coastal Beaufort County (South Carolina, USA), as assessed by runoff modeling showing increased runoff volume and rate . Importantly, in all cases, the impacts attributable to climate change were greater than those resulting directly from urban development.
- Using satellite imagery in remote arid areas in the Al Ain region (UAE) to monitor the water budget, it was possible to identify a decreasing trend of the average annual recharge, leading to deleting water stores .
- Action to mitigate climate change impacts requires well-substantiated (evidence-based) inputs from scientists to inform decision-makers, in particular including religious leaders and activist groups .
- Long-term monitoring of groundwater is required to warn of water shortages. Shallow groundwater resources (e.g., unconfined aquifers) can be suited to stock-grazing and horticulture. Local groundwater salinity levels were found to be affected by a nearby waste dump site, which is exemplary of spreading environmental impacts around remote communities in Argentina .
- A crater lake in north-central Tanzania (Lake Basotu) examined through satellite imagery is shown to be in decline due to local agricultural practices and soil erosion causing sedimentation, increasing its sensitivity to climatic fluctuations .
- Woody biomass increment of hybrid aspen clones examined through dendrochronology is most affected by moisture stress, rather than temperature stressors .
- Fire activity at lower elevations and lower latitudes does not increase significantly in hotter and drier conditions. Climate is not the sole controlling factor and vegetation response is an important consideration in fuel-limited environments. Human impacts can also affect the landscape propensity for burning through altering vegetation distribution and trajectories .
- Paleoliminological research has documented anthropogenic effects in lacustrine environments since the onset of industrialization and increasing through the “Great Acceleration.” This has resulted in long-term global change associated with biodiversity loss, the spread of invasive species, pollution, etc., tracked through lake sediments as a means to investigate past environmental change. The paleolimnological approach can, therefore, be used to inform mitigation and adaptation measures in response to climate change .
Conflicts of Interest
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Thornbush, M.J.; Krakauer, N.Y. Introduction to the Special Issue on Climate Change and Geosciences. Geosciences 2017, 7, 8. https://doi.org/10.3390/geosciences7010008
Thornbush MJ, Krakauer NY. Introduction to the Special Issue on Climate Change and Geosciences. Geosciences. 2017; 7(1):8. https://doi.org/10.3390/geosciences7010008Chicago/Turabian Style
Thornbush, Mary J., and Nir Y. Krakauer. 2017. "Introduction to the Special Issue on Climate Change and Geosciences" Geosciences 7, no. 1: 8. https://doi.org/10.3390/geosciences7010008