Next Article in Journal
Animal Images Database: Validation of 120 Images for Human-Animal Studies
Next Article in Special Issue
Dog-Assisted Therapy and Dental Anxiety: A Pilot Study
Previous Article in Journal
Global Prospects of the Cost-Efficiency of Broiler Welfare in Middle-Segment Production Systems
Previous Article in Special Issue
Perceptions on Health Benefits of Guide Dog Ownership in an Austrian Population of Blind People with and without a Guide Dog
Article

Effect of a Canine-Assisted Read Aloud Intervention on Reading Ability and Physiological Response: A Pilot Study

Department of Special Education and Counselling, Education University of Hong Kong, 10 Lo Ping Road, Tai Po, Hong Kong
Animals 2019, 9(8), 474; https://doi.org/10.3390/ani9080474
Received: 19 May 2019 / Revised: 4 July 2019 / Accepted: 21 July 2019 / Published: 24 July 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Animal Assisted Therapies and Interventions 2019)
Canine-assisted reading aloud programs have been attracting growing interest because reading to a dog may contribute to the reading performance of children. The positive effect of a canine-assisted reading aloud program, however, received limited empirical support. Specifically, most of the current papers were papers of expert opinions. The current pilot study aimed at providing preliminary evidence for the effects of reading to dogs on three lower-performing third-graders’ reading abilities and understanding their physiological stress responses. The findings of the study implied that canine-assisted reading aloud programs had potential to increase the reading fluency and relaxation level of children with lower performance when reading to a dog.
The aim of this study was to determine whether there is an increase in the reading fluency and accuracy of three lower performing third-graders after participating in a canine-assisted read-aloud program, as well as an increase in the relaxation level during and after the program. This study employed a pre-test-post-test design to test the hypotheses that gains would be made in both reading fluency and reading accuracy upon completion of the program. The three grade 3 students were assessed by the Chinese Character Reading Test and the Reading Fluency Test. During the intervention, they read to a trained canine in the presence of a handler. Three days after the completion of the seven 20-min interventions, the participants were assessed by the two standardized reading tests a second time. Heart rate variability (HRV) responses to the pre-test, the intervention and the post-test were recorded. The three grade 3 students attained a higher level of relaxation while reading to the dog and increased their reading fluency after the reading sessions. These results provided preliminary evidence that the canine-assisted read-aloud program can increase the reading performance of children with lower performance. Implications for future research and reading programs will be discussed. View Full-Text
Keywords: animal-assisted education; canine-assisted read-aloud; heart rate variability; reading accuracy; reading fluency animal-assisted education; canine-assisted read-aloud; heart rate variability; reading accuracy; reading fluency
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Fung, S.-C. Effect of a Canine-Assisted Read Aloud Intervention on Reading Ability and Physiological Response: A Pilot Study. Animals 2019, 9, 474. https://doi.org/10.3390/ani9080474

AMA Style

Fung S-C. Effect of a Canine-Assisted Read Aloud Intervention on Reading Ability and Physiological Response: A Pilot Study. Animals. 2019; 9(8):474. https://doi.org/10.3390/ani9080474

Chicago/Turabian Style

Fung, Suk-Chun. 2019. "Effect of a Canine-Assisted Read Aloud Intervention on Reading Ability and Physiological Response: A Pilot Study" Animals 9, no. 8: 474. https://doi.org/10.3390/ani9080474

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop