Next Article in Journal
Looking for Visitor’s Effect in Sanctuaries: Implications of Guided Visitor Groups on the Behavior of the Chimpanzees at Fundació Mona
Next Article in Special Issue
Investigations on the Influence of Floor Design on Dirtiness and Foot Pad Lesions in Growing Rabbits
Previous Article in Journal
Cortisol, DHEA, and Sexual Steroid Concentrations in Fattening Pigs’ Hair
Previous Article in Special Issue
Dehydrated Alfalfa and Fresh Grass Supply in Young Rabbits: Effect on Performance and Caecal Microbiota Biodiversity
Open AccessArticle

Drinking Warm Water Improves Growth Performance and Optimizes the Gut Microbiota in Early Postweaning Rabbits during Winter

1
State Key Laboratory of Animal Nutrition, College of Animal Science and Technology, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100193, China
2
ZhaoTong Technology Promotion Workstation of Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Medicine, ZhaoTong 657000, China
3
National Engineering Laboratory for Animal Breeding, College of Animal Science and Technology, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100193, China
4
National Rabbit Industry Technology System Qingdao Comprehensive Experimental Station, Qingdao 266431, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors have contributed equally to this work.
Animals 2019, 9(6), 346; https://doi.org/10.3390/ani9060346
Received: 12 April 2019 / Revised: 4 June 2019 / Accepted: 7 June 2019 / Published: 12 June 2019
Epidemiological investigations have revealed that cold temperature can increase the risk of diarrhea in children, and similar observations have been made in early postweaning livestock. Recent studies have shown that cold temperature alters the gut microbiota, which may be associated with the pathogenesis of various intestinal diseases, such as inflammatory bowel diseases. However, few studies have focused on how to improve intestinal health from the perspective of the gut microbiota in early postweaning livestock during winter. In the present study, using early postweaning rabbits as a model, we analyzed the effects of drinking warm water (WW) on the growth performance and gut microbiota structure of postweaning rabbits during winter. Our results confirmed that drinking WW improved the growth performance and optimized gut microbiota in early postweaning rabbits during winter. Therefore, our results provide a new perspective for improving early postweaning rabbits welfare during winter.
Accumulating evidence indicates that cold exposure changes the composition of the gut microbiota and reduces intestinal immunity in early postweaning livestock. However, little is known about the effects of drinking warm water (WW) on gut microbiota during winter. In this study, we investigated the effects of drinking WW in winter on the growth performance and gut microbiota structure of rabbits raised in poorly insulated housing from the early postweaning period (day 46) to the subadult period (day 82). The average daily gain and feed conversion ratio in rabbits drinking WW were significantly improved compared to those of the rabbits drinking cold water (CW) during 47–58 days. In addition, rabbits drinking WW had a significantly decreased the risk of diarrhea during 71–82 days. 16S rRNA sequence analysis revealed that the alpha diversity of the cecal microbiota was not significantly different between the WW and CW groups, but significantly increased with age. The relative abundance of cecal microorganisms, such as Coprococcus spp. was considerably increased at day 70 in the group drinking WW. Correlation analysis indicated that Coprococcus spp. was negatively associated with pro-inflammatory factors. In conclusion, our results suggest that drinking WW has a positive effect on growth performance and gut microbiota in rabbits during the early postweaning stage in winter. View Full-Text
Keywords: cecal microbiota; rabbit; water temperature; gut health; welfare; winter cecal microbiota; rabbit; water temperature; gut health; welfare; winter
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Wang, Q.; Fu, W.; Guo, Y.; Tang, Y.; Du, H.; Wang, M.; Liu, Z.; Li, Q.; An, L.; Tian, J.; Li, M.; Wu, Z. Drinking Warm Water Improves Growth Performance and Optimizes the Gut Microbiota in Early Postweaning Rabbits during Winter. Animals 2019, 9, 346. https://doi.org/10.3390/ani9060346

AMA Style

Wang Q, Fu W, Guo Y, Tang Y, Du H, Wang M, Liu Z, Li Q, An L, Tian J, Li M, Wu Z. Drinking Warm Water Improves Growth Performance and Optimizes the Gut Microbiota in Early Postweaning Rabbits during Winter. Animals. 2019; 9(6):346. https://doi.org/10.3390/ani9060346

Chicago/Turabian Style

Wang, Qiangjun; Fu, Wei; Guo, Yao; Tang, Yuhan; Du, Haoxuan; Wang, Meizhi; Liu, Zhongying; Li, Qin; An, Lei; Tian, Jianhui; Li, Mingyong; Wu, Zhonghong. 2019. "Drinking Warm Water Improves Growth Performance and Optimizes the Gut Microbiota in Early Postweaning Rabbits during Winter" Animals 9, no. 6: 346. https://doi.org/10.3390/ani9060346

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Search more from Scilit
 
Search
Back to TopTop