Next Article in Journal
A Study of Traveller Horse Owners’ Attitudes to Horse Care and Welfare Using an Equine Body Condition Scoring System
Previous Article in Journal
An Analysis of Culling Patterns during the Breeding Cycle and Lifetime Production from the Aspect of Culling Reasons for Gilts and Sows in Southwest China
Article Menu
Issue 4 (April) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle

Antioxidative Effects of Olive Polyphenols Compared to Vitamin E in Piglets Fed a Diet Rich in N-3 PUFA

Department of Animal Science, Biotechnical Faculty, University of Ljubljana, 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia
Small Animal Clinic, Veterinary Faculty, University of Ljubljana, 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Animals 2019, 9(4), 161;
Received: 27 March 2019 / Accepted: 9 April 2019 / Published: 12 April 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Animal Nutrition)
PDF [278 KB, uploaded 22 April 2019]

Simple Summary

Olive polyphenols exert many favorable properties, such as an antioxidative effect in humans, but are poorly studied in animals, especially in pigs. Therefore, we conducted a trial including olive leaf extract (OLE), which is rich in polyphenols, in pigs fed a linseed oil-enriched diet, which is a known cause of postprandial oxidative stress. OLE exerted some antioxidative effects in piglets fed a polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA)-rich diet without any negative effects, even when included in a higher concentration than that proposed for humans. Additionally, the inclusion of OLE did not compromise the zootechnical performance of the piglets as in the case of the dietary inclusion of olive leaves. Therefore, OLE could be used as an effective feed additive for beneficial effects on intestinal health and meat quality, among others.


The aim of the current study was to assess the antioxidative effects of the dietary supplementation of olive leaf extract (OLE) in different concentrations compared to those of vitamin E in piglets under conditions of dietary n-3 PUFA-induced oxidative stress. Forty-eight castrated male piglets (10.6 ± 0.99 kg) were fed the following experimental diets: Cont− (low-fat diet, no supplement), Cont+ (high linseed oil diet, no supplement), Vit-E (as Cont+, 105 IU vitamin E/day), OLE-1 (as Cont+, 3.84 mg hydroxytyrosol equivalents (HEQs)/day), OLE-2 (as Cont+, 38.4 mg HEQ/day), and OLE-3 (as Cont+, 96 mg HEQ/day). After 21 days of feeding, the experimental diets, blood and urine samples were collected to assess the extent of the oxidative stress. Results indicated that diet OLE-1 lowered the activity of gamma-glutamyl transferase, protected DNA (measured as DNA tail %) and altered urinary 8-hydroxy-2’-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG). Dietary vitamin E lowered the levels of urinary F2-isoprostanes, as well as of plasma malondialdehyde and γ-tocopherol, but raised the plasmatic α-tocopherol and altered the level of urinary 8-OHdG. In conclusion, only minor positive effects of dietary OLE on the oxidative stress parameters were observed. Additionally, OLE did not show concentration dependence. View Full-Text
Keywords: hydroxytyrosol; linseed oil; olive polyphenols; oxidative stress; piglets; vitamin E hydroxytyrosol; linseed oil; olive polyphenols; oxidative stress; piglets; vitamin E

Graphical abstract

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Leskovec, J.; Rezar, V.; Nemec Svete, A.; Salobir, J.; Levart, A. Antioxidative Effects of Olive Polyphenols Compared to Vitamin E in Piglets Fed a Diet Rich in N-3 PUFA. Animals 2019, 9, 161.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Animals EISSN 2076-2615 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top