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Open AccessCase Report

Family Dog-Assisted Adapted Physical Activity: A Case Study

1
Health & Human Performance, Norwich University, Northfield, VT 05663, USA
2
College of Public Health & Human Sciences, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR 97331, USA
3
Department of Animal & Rangeland Sciences, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR 97331, USA
4
College of Veterinary Medicine, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR 97331, USA
5
Institute of Veterinary, Animal and Biomedical Sciences, Massey University, Palmerston North 4442, New Zealand
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Karen Thodberg
Animals 2017, 7(5), 35; https://doi.org/10.3390/ani7050035
Received: 31 January 2017 / Revised: 13 April 2017 / Accepted: 18 April 2017 / Published: 27 April 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Animal Assisted Therapy)
Purpose: The aim of this case study was to examine the individual effects of an adapted physical activity, animal-assisted intervention (APA-AAI) with the family dog on motor skills, physical activity, and quality of life of a child with cerebral palsy (CP). Method: This study used an A-B-A single-subject design. The assessment phase (phase A) occurred pre- and post-intervention. This consisted of standardized assessments of motor skills, quality of life questionnaires, physical activity (measured using the GT3X+ accelerometer) and the human-animal bond. The intervention (phase B) lasted 8 weeks and consisted of adapted physical activities performed with the family dog once a week for 60 min in a lab setting. In addition, the participant had at-home daily activities to complete with the family dog. Results: Visual analysis was used to analyze the data. Motor skill performance, physical activity, quality of life and human animal interaction gains were observed in each case. Conclusions: These preliminary results provided initial evidence that the family-dog can play a role in healthy lifestyles through APA-AAI in children with CP. View Full-Text
Keywords: cerebral palsy; adapted physical activity; animal assisted intervention; CPQOL-Child; motor skills cerebral palsy; adapted physical activity; animal assisted intervention; CPQOL-Child; motor skills
MDPI and ACS Style

Tepfer, A.; Ross, S.; MacDonald, M.; Udell, M.A.R.; Ruaux, C.; Baltzer, W. Family Dog-Assisted Adapted Physical Activity: A Case Study. Animals 2017, 7, 35. https://doi.org/10.3390/ani7050035

AMA Style

Tepfer A, Ross S, MacDonald M, Udell MAR, Ruaux C, Baltzer W. Family Dog-Assisted Adapted Physical Activity: A Case Study. Animals. 2017; 7(5):35. https://doi.org/10.3390/ani7050035

Chicago/Turabian Style

Tepfer, Amanda; Ross, Samantha; MacDonald, Megan; Udell, Monique A.R.; Ruaux, Craig; Baltzer, Wendy. 2017. "Family Dog-Assisted Adapted Physical Activity: A Case Study" Animals 7, no. 5: 35. https://doi.org/10.3390/ani7050035

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Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

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