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The Impacts of Climate Change Mitigation Strategies on Animal Welfare

Humane Society International, 2100 L Street NW, Washington, DC 20037, USA
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Clive Phillips
Animals 2015, 5(2), 361-394;
Received: 30 January 2015 / Revised: 19 April 2015 / Accepted: 27 April 2015 / Published: 21 May 2015
Climate change is probably the most important environmental issue of our time. Raising animals for food contributes to the production of greenhouse gases implicated in the global warming that is causing climate change. To combat this ecological disaster, a number of mitigation strategies involving changes to agricultural practices have been proposed. However, some of these changes will impact the welfare of farmed animals. This paper reviews selected climate change mitigation strategies and explains how different approaches could have negative or positive effects.
The objective of this review is to point out that the global dialog on reducing greenhouse gas emissions in animal agriculture has, thus far, not adequately considered animal welfare in proposed climate change mitigation strategies. Many suggested approaches for reducing emissions, most of which could generally be described as calls for the intensification of production, can have substantial effects on the animals. Given the growing world-wide awareness and concern for animal welfare, many of these approaches are not socially sustainable. This review identifies the main emission abatement strategies in the climate change literature that would negatively affect animal welfare and details the associated problems. Alternative strategies are also identified as possible solutions for animal welfare and climate change, and it is suggested that more attention be focused on these types of options when allocating resources, researching mitigation strategies, and making policy decisions on reducing emissions from animal agriculture. View Full-Text
Keywords: animal welfare; climate change; mitigation strategies animal welfare; climate change; mitigation strategies
MDPI and ACS Style

Shields, S.; Orme-Evans, G. The Impacts of Climate Change Mitigation Strategies on Animal Welfare. Animals 2015, 5, 361-394.

AMA Style

Shields S, Orme-Evans G. The Impacts of Climate Change Mitigation Strategies on Animal Welfare. Animals. 2015; 5(2):361-394.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Shields, Sara, and Geoffrey Orme-Evans. 2015. "The Impacts of Climate Change Mitigation Strategies on Animal Welfare" Animals 5, no. 2: 361-394.

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