Next Article in Journal
Impact of Heat Stress on Poultry Production
Next Article in Special Issue
GeoBioScience: Red Wood Ants as Bioindicators for Active Tectonic Fault Systems in the West Eifel (Germany)
Previous Article in Journal
Use of Anecdotal Occurrence Data in Species Distribution Models: An Example Based on the White-Nosed Coati (Nasua narica) in the American Southwest
Previous Article in Special Issue
Bio-Mimetics of Disaster Anticipation—Learning Experience and Key-Challenges
Open AccessArticle

On the Possible Detection of Lightning Storms by Elephants

1
School of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA
2
Department of Environmental Sciences, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA 22904, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Animals 2013, 3(2), 349-355; https://doi.org/10.3390/ani3020349
Received: 2 February 2013 / Revised: 15 April 2013 / Accepted: 15 April 2013 / Published: 18 April 2013
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Biological Anomalies Prior to Earthquakes)
We use data similar to that taken by the International Monitoring System for the detection of nuclear explosions, to determine whether elephants might be capable of detecting and locating the source of sounds generated by thunderstorms. Knowledge that elephants might be capable of responding to such storms, particularly at the end of the dry season when migrations are initiated, is of considerable interest to management and conservation.
Theoretical calculations suggest that sounds produced by thunderstorms and detected by a system similar to the International Monitoring System (IMS) for the detection of nuclear explosions at distances ≥100 km, are at sound pressure levels equal to or greater than 6 × 10−3 Pa. Such sound pressure levels are well within the range of elephant hearing. Frequencies carrying these sounds might allow for interaural time delays such that adult elephants could not only hear but could also locate the source of these sounds. Determining whether it is possible for elephants to hear and locate thunderstorms contributes to the question of whether elephant movements are triggered or influenced by these abiotic sounds. View Full-Text
Keywords: elephant communication; elephant detection of abiotic sounds; sounds from thunderstorms; elephant movement; elephant migration elephant communication; elephant detection of abiotic sounds; sounds from thunderstorms; elephant movement; elephant migration
MDPI and ACS Style

Kelley, M.C.; Garstang, M. On the Possible Detection of Lightning Storms by Elephants. Animals 2013, 3, 349-355.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Only visits after 24 November 2015 are recorded.
Back to TopTop