Social Environment and Control Status of Companion Animal-Borne Zoonoses in Japan
Science and Technology Foresight Center, National Institute of Science and Technology Policy, Kasumigaseki 3-2-2, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 100-0013, Japan
Disease Control and Environmental Sciences, Department of Veterinary Medicine, Iwate University, Ueda 3-18-8, Morioka, Iwate 020-8550, Japan
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 23 January 2012 / Revised: 7 February 2012 / Accepted: 13 February 2012 / Published: 15 February 2012
The risk of companion animal-borne zoonoses has been rising in Japan with the tendency for increasing number of households to ever-growing numbers and varieties of animals as pets. In response, the Japanese government has implemented measures for the domestic and border control of zoonoses. However, it is impossible to determine whether these measures have adequately controlled the transmission of companion animal-borne zoonoses, due to a lack of (i) direct evidence linking companion animal involvement in disease and (ii) understanding of current trends in disease outbreak. Active surveillance should be conducted on a national level to collect the data necessary to make this determination and identify these trends.