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Article

Effect of Different Watering Regimes in Summer Season on Water Intake, Feed Intake, and Milk Production of Marecha She-camel (Camelus dromedarius)

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Department of Livestock and Poultry Production, Bahauddin Zakariya University, Multan 60800, Pakistan
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Institute of Dairy Sciences, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad 38000, Pakistan
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Department of Veterinary Sciences, Via Umberto Palatucci–98168 Messina, University of Messina, 98168 Messina, Italy
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Department of Business Administration, Faculty of Economics and Administrative Sciences, Iğdır University, Iğdır 76000, Turkey
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Department of Genetics, Faculty of Veterinary Sciences, University of Córdoba, 14014 Córdoba, Spain
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Institute of Food Science and Nutrition, Bahauddin Zakariya University, Multan 60800, Pakistan
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Department of Animal Science, University of Sargodha, Sargodha 40100, Pakistan
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Camel Breeding and Research Station Rakh Mahni, Punjab 30030, Pakistan
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Maria Luisa Dettori
Animals 2021, 11(5), 1342; https://doi.org/10.3390/ani11051342
Received: 8 April 2021 / Revised: 3 May 2021 / Accepted: 6 May 2021 / Published: 8 May 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Trends in Camel Health and Production)
Camel livestock is a significant sector of agriculture in Pakistan. Punjab Marecha is the camel breed more diffuse for their production characteristics. In fact, this camel breed is well adapted to the desert ecosystem, tolerating elevated temperatures and dehydration. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of water deprivation on milk production performance in Marecha camels during the summer. Twelve she-camels in the early lactation stage were included. After seven days, camels were divided into three groups: Group 1 (G1) having access to water once a day, Group 2 (G2) having access once every 4 days, and Group 3 (G3) having access once every 6 days. Milk production and daily dry matter were decreased in camels deprived of water for 6 days. The results of the current study suggest that the camel is a productive animal even when subjected to water deprivation; however, its feed intake and milk production are decreased.
Twelve lactating healthy Marecha she-camels in the early lactation stage during the summer at Camel Breeding and Research Station Rakh-Mahni (Pakistan) were included. All animals were fed with Medicago sativa and Cicer arientinum ad libitum and divided into three groups in relation to the access to water, after a period of seven days of adaptation to experimental conditions. Group 1 (G1) was considered as control having access to water once every day; Group 2 (G2) had access once every 4 days, while Group 3 (G3) had access once every 6 days. The duration of the study was 60 days with an adaptation period to experimental conditions of 7 days before the onset of the study. Dry matter intake (DMI) was calculated on a dry matter basis. On average the ambient temperature and relative humidity during the trial were 39–41 °C and 55–63%, respectively. The DMI, water intake, milk production, and body weight changes were affected (p < 0.001) during various watering regimes. The mean values of water intake were found to be 82.94 ± 1.34 L higher in G3 than G1 and G2. View Full-Text
Keywords: camel; watering restriction; milk production; milk composition camel; watering restriction; milk production; milk composition
MDPI and ACS Style

Faraz, A.; Khan, N.U.; Passantino, A.; Pugliese, M.; Eyduran, E.; Pastrana, C.I.; Ismail, A.; Tauqir, N.A.; Waheed, A.; Nabeel, M.S. Effect of Different Watering Regimes in Summer Season on Water Intake, Feed Intake, and Milk Production of Marecha She-camel (Camelus dromedarius). Animals 2021, 11, 1342. https://doi.org/10.3390/ani11051342

AMA Style

Faraz A, Khan NU, Passantino A, Pugliese M, Eyduran E, Pastrana CI, Ismail A, Tauqir NA, Waheed A, Nabeel MS. Effect of Different Watering Regimes in Summer Season on Water Intake, Feed Intake, and Milk Production of Marecha She-camel (Camelus dromedarius). Animals. 2021; 11(5):1342. https://doi.org/10.3390/ani11051342

Chicago/Turabian Style

Faraz, Asim, Naeem U. Khan, Annamaria Passantino, Michela Pugliese, Ecevit Eyduran, Carlos I. Pastrana, Amir Ismail, Nasir A. Tauqir, Abdul Waheed, and Muhammad S. Nabeel. 2021. "Effect of Different Watering Regimes in Summer Season on Water Intake, Feed Intake, and Milk Production of Marecha She-camel (Camelus dromedarius)" Animals 11, no. 5: 1342. https://doi.org/10.3390/ani11051342

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