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Dog Tethering in Slovakia: Legal, Ethical and Behavioral Aspects and Dog Welfare Implications

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Workplace of Forensic and Public Veterinary Medicine and Economy, Department of Public Veterinary Medicine and Animal Welfare, University of Veterinary Medicine and Pharmacy, Komenského 73, 04181 Košice, Slovakia
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Workplace of Applied Ethology and Professional Ethics, Department of Public Veterinary Medicine and Animal Welfare, University of Veterinary Medicine and Pharmacy, Komenského 73, 04181 Košice, Slovakia
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Clinic of Birds, Exotic and Free Living Animals, University Veterinary Hospital, University of Veterinary Medicine and Pharmacy, Komenského 73, 04181 Košice, Slovakia
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Alexandra Whittaker and Amy Cosby
Animals 2021, 11(3), 594; https://doi.org/10.3390/ani11030594
Received: 30 January 2021 / Revised: 19 February 2021 / Accepted: 21 February 2021 / Published: 24 February 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Legal Aspects of the Human-Animal Relationship)
On the basis of legislative provisions and the behavioral needs of dogs, the authors describe the potential consequences and negative impacts of the long-term tethering of dogs. Dogs should be kept under conditions that allow them, with respect to their size, temperament, stage of their development, and degree of adaptation, to maintain good health and meet their physiological, ethological, and social needs. Despite the adoption of new legislative provisions, this issue has not yet been resolved and we are still coming across various cases involving cruelty to animals of various character and intensity. The current situation can be changed by adopting legislative regulations that explicitly define the responsibilities of owners/keepers including a ban on the tethering of dogs in order to prevent potential circumvention of the legislative rules.
Long-term tethering of dogs, or their keeping under unsuitable conditions can result in issues related to changes in their behavior as they may not satisfy their basic needs of life. These needs are discussed in this paper, along with cases when dogs unnecessarily have to endure cruelty and pain. The unavoidable tethering of a dog must not cause trauma and must be arranged in a way that it guarantees physical comfort. Failure to meet the basic needs of an animal may result in manifestation of fear and subsequent aggressiveness. Owners of animals are responsible for their life and health, and their obligations include eliminating the possibility of them hurting themselves or other beings. The relevant adopted legislative provisions should provide protection to animals and be enforceable, which currently appears rather difficult. Controlling and observation of the legislative provisions related to the tethering of dogs raises some difficulties for animal protection inspectors. It is necessary to focus on the specificities of keeping conditions of various dog breeds and on their individual features. Based on research and the relevant Slovak legislative provisions, this paper discusses various views on the practice of tethering dogs from the point of view of public safety and the ethical consequences of permanent dog tethering. Data on dog tethering in Slovakia were evaluated based on a survey and Slovak legal rules governing this issue were analyzed along with various views of public safety and the ethical consequences of permanent dog tethering. View Full-Text
Keywords: animal cruelty; animal welfare; dog chaining; dog tethering; legislation; questionnaire animal cruelty; animal welfare; dog chaining; dog tethering; legislation; questionnaire
MDPI and ACS Style

Takáčová, D.; Skurková, L.; Mesarčová, L.; Lešková, L.; Kottferová, L.; Packová, A.; Vajányi, D.; Kottferová, J. Dog Tethering in Slovakia: Legal, Ethical and Behavioral Aspects and Dog Welfare Implications. Animals 2021, 11, 594. https://doi.org/10.3390/ani11030594

AMA Style

Takáčová D, Skurková L, Mesarčová L, Lešková L, Kottferová L, Packová A, Vajányi D, Kottferová J. Dog Tethering in Slovakia: Legal, Ethical and Behavioral Aspects and Dog Welfare Implications. Animals. 2021; 11(3):594. https://doi.org/10.3390/ani11030594

Chicago/Turabian Style

Takáčová, Daniela, Lenka Skurková, Lýdia Mesarčová, Lenka Lešková, Lucia Kottferová, Anna Packová, Dávid Vajányi, and Jana Kottferová. 2021. "Dog Tethering in Slovakia: Legal, Ethical and Behavioral Aspects and Dog Welfare Implications" Animals 11, no. 3: 594. https://doi.org/10.3390/ani11030594

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