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Structural and Technological Characterization of Tropical Smallholder Farms of Dual-Purpose Cattle in Mexico

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Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Forestales Agrícolas y Pecuarias INIFAP, Medellín de Bravo 94277, Mexico
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Departamento de Producción Animal, Universidad de Córdoba, Campus Universitario de Rabanales, 14071 Córdoba, Spain
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ESIC Business & Marketing School and Departamento de Economía de la Empresa (Administración, Dirección y Organización), Economía Aplicada II y Fundamentos de Análisis Económico, Universidad Rey Juan Carlos, Paseo de los Artilleros, s/n, 28032 Madrid, Spain
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Instituto de Ciencias Agronómicas y Veterinarias. Universidad de O’Higgins, San Fernando 3070002, Chile
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Departamento de Análisis Económico, Universidad de Zaragoza, Gran Vía 2, 5005 Zaragoza, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Animals 2020, 10(1), 86; https://doi.org/10.3390/ani10010086
Received: 24 October 2019 / Revised: 30 December 2019 / Accepted: 2 January 2020 / Published: 5 January 2020
Dual-purpose cattle smallholder farms (DP) exhibit a critical economic situation. The objective of this research was building a typology for DP in tropical conditions and characterizing them technologically. This will help developing more effective public policies in DP farms located in tropical conditions. A sample of 1.475 farms located in the tropical area of Mexico was selected. The typology was built using multiple correspondence analysis (MCA). Subsequently, five groups were identified by a hierarchical cluster analysis with Ward’s method. Groups 1 and 2, covered a 46.5% of the farms; these ones presented a small-scale productive model with low levels of technological adoption, improvements were mainly associated to the area of reproduction and genetics. Very small farms (Group 3) showed orientation to subsistence. They need to improve all the technological areas. Groups 4 and 5 (29.4% of the sample) were the biggest and more specialized farms. Group four farms were located in dry tropics and showed the highest levels of technological adoption in the areas of reproduction, management, and feeding. These farms require improvement in the areas of reproduction, animal health, and feeding. Group 5 farms were located in the wet tropics and showed specialization in reproduction, genetics, and animal health areas. In this last group, it is necessary to improve management and feeding areas. View Full-Text
Keywords: ALC countries; smallholders; dual purpose; tropical zone; technological innovation ALC countries; smallholders; dual purpose; tropical zone; technological innovation
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Rangel, J.; Perea, J.; De-Pablos-Heredero, C.; Espinosa-García, J.A.; Mujica, P.T.; Feijoo, M.; Barba, C.; García, A. Structural and Technological Characterization of Tropical Smallholder Farms of Dual-Purpose Cattle in Mexico. Animals 2020, 10, 86.

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