Next Article in Journal
Efficacy of Bacteriophage Cocktail to Control E. coli O157:H7 Contamination on Baby Spinach Leaves in the Presence or Absence of Organic Load
Next Article in Special Issue
From Dysbiosis to Healthy Skin: Major Contributions of Cutibacterium acnes to Skin Homeostasis
Previous Article in Journal
The Environmental Spread of Aspergillus terreus in Tyrol, Austria
Previous Article in Special Issue
Improvement of Atopic Dermatitis by Synbiotic Baths
Review

Human Skin Microbiome: Impact of Intrinsic and Extrinsic Factors on Skin Microbiota

1
Department of Microbiology, Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń, L. Rydygier Collegium Medicum in Bydgoszcz, 85-094 Bydgoszcz, Poland
2
Department of Microbiology and Food Technology, UTP University of Science and Technology, 85-029 Bydgoszcz, Poland
3
Department of Food Hygiene and Consumer Health, Wrocław University of Environmental and Life Sciences, 31 C.K. Norwida St., 50-375 Wrocław, Poland
4
Faculty of Civil and Environmental Engineering and Architecture, UTP University of Science and Technology in Bydgoszcz, Al. prof. S. Kaliskiego 7, 85-796 Bydgoszcz, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Holger Brüggemann
Microorganisms 2021, 9(3), 543; https://doi.org/10.3390/microorganisms9030543
Received: 13 February 2021 / Revised: 28 February 2021 / Accepted: 2 March 2021 / Published: 5 March 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Human Skin Microbiota)
The skin is the largest organ of the human body and it protects the body from the external environment. It has become the topic of interest of researchers from various scientific fields. Microorganisms ensure the proper functioning of the skin. Of great importance, are the mutual relations between such microorganisms and their responses to environmental impacts, as dysbiosis may contribute to serious skin diseases. Molecular methods, used for microorganism identification, allow us to gain a better understanding of the skin microbiome. The presented article contains the latest reports on the skin microbiota in health and disease. The review discusses the relationship between a properly functioning microbiome and the body’s immune system, as well as the impact of internal and external factors on the human skin microbiome. View Full-Text
Keywords: skin; microbiome; internal factors; external factors; disinfection skin; microbiome; internal factors; external factors; disinfection
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Skowron, K.; Bauza-Kaszewska, J.; Kraszewska, Z.; Wiktorczyk-Kapischke, N.; Grudlewska-Buda, K.; Kwiecińska-Piróg, J.; Wałecka-Zacharska, E.; Radtke, L.; Gospodarek-Komkowska, E. Human Skin Microbiome: Impact of Intrinsic and Extrinsic Factors on Skin Microbiota. Microorganisms 2021, 9, 543. https://doi.org/10.3390/microorganisms9030543

AMA Style

Skowron K, Bauza-Kaszewska J, Kraszewska Z, Wiktorczyk-Kapischke N, Grudlewska-Buda K, Kwiecińska-Piróg J, Wałecka-Zacharska E, Radtke L, Gospodarek-Komkowska E. Human Skin Microbiome: Impact of Intrinsic and Extrinsic Factors on Skin Microbiota. Microorganisms. 2021; 9(3):543. https://doi.org/10.3390/microorganisms9030543

Chicago/Turabian Style

Skowron, Krzysztof, Justyna Bauza-Kaszewska, Zuzanna Kraszewska, Natalia Wiktorczyk-Kapischke, Katarzyna Grudlewska-Buda, Joanna Kwiecińska-Piróg, Ewa Wałecka-Zacharska, Laura Radtke, and Eugenia Gospodarek-Komkowska. 2021. "Human Skin Microbiome: Impact of Intrinsic and Extrinsic Factors on Skin Microbiota" Microorganisms 9, no. 3: 543. https://doi.org/10.3390/microorganisms9030543

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop