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Article

Seroprevalence of Antibodies against Tick-Borne Pathogens in Czech Patients with Suspected Post-Treatment Lyme Disease Syndrome

1
Department of Immunology, Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, Palacky University Olomouc, Hnevotinska 3, 779 00 Olomouc, Czech Republic
2
Laboratory of Medical Parasitology and Zoology, Public Health Institute Ostrava, Partyzanske Namesti 7, 702 00 Ostrava, Czech Republic
3
Department of Allergology and Clinical Immunology, University Hospital Olomouc, I.P. Pavlova 185/6, 779 00 Olomouc, Czech Republic
4
Third Department of Internal Medicine-Nephrology, Rheumatology and Endocrinology, University Hospital Olomouc, I.P. Pavlova 185/6, 779 00 Olomouc, Czech Republic
5
Institute of Parasitology, Biology Centre, Czech Academy of Sciences, Branisovska 1160/31, 370 05 Ceske Budejovice, Czech Republic
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Henry P. Godfrey
Microorganisms 2021, 9(11), 2217; https://doi.org/10.3390/microorganisms9112217
Received: 17 September 2021 / Revised: 15 October 2021 / Accepted: 21 October 2021 / Published: 25 October 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Borrelia and Lyme Disease)
The hypothesized importance of coinfections in the pathogenesis of post-treatment Lyme disease syndrome (PTLDS) leads to the use of combined, ongoing antimicrobial treatment in many cases despite the absence of symptoms typical of the presence of infection with specific pathogens. Serum samples from 103 patients with suspected post-treatment Lyme disease syndrome were tested for the presence of antibodies to the major tick-borne pathogens Anaplasma phagocytophilum, Bartonella henselae/Bartonella quinatana, and Babesia microti. Although the presence of anti-Anaplasma antibodies was detected in 12.6% of the samples and anti-Bartonella antibodies in 9.7% of the samples, the presence of antibodies against both pathogens in the same samples or anti-Babesia antibodies in the selected group of patients could not be confirmed. However, we were able to detect autoantibodies, mostly antinuclear, in 11.6% of the patients studied. Our results are in good agreement with previously published studies showing the presence of a wide spectrum of autoantibodies in some patients with complicated forms of Lyme disease and post-treatment Lyme disease syndrome, but they do not reveal a significant influence of co-infections on the development of PTLDS in the studied group of patients. View Full-Text
Keywords: ticks; co-infection; Lyme disease; post-treatment Lyme disease syndrome; Bartonella; Anaplasma; Babesia; seroprevalence ticks; co-infection; Lyme disease; post-treatment Lyme disease syndrome; Bartonella; Anaplasma; Babesia; seroprevalence
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MDPI and ACS Style

Sloupenska, K.; Dolezilkova, J.; Koubkova, B.; Hutyrova, B.; Racansky, M.; Horak, P.; Golovchenko, M.; Raska, M.; Rudenko, N.; Krupka, M. Seroprevalence of Antibodies against Tick-Borne Pathogens in Czech Patients with Suspected Post-Treatment Lyme Disease Syndrome. Microorganisms 2021, 9, 2217. https://doi.org/10.3390/microorganisms9112217

AMA Style

Sloupenska K, Dolezilkova J, Koubkova B, Hutyrova B, Racansky M, Horak P, Golovchenko M, Raska M, Rudenko N, Krupka M. Seroprevalence of Antibodies against Tick-Borne Pathogens in Czech Patients with Suspected Post-Treatment Lyme Disease Syndrome. Microorganisms. 2021; 9(11):2217. https://doi.org/10.3390/microorganisms9112217

Chicago/Turabian Style

Sloupenska, Kristyna, Jana Dolezilkova, Barbora Koubkova, Beata Hutyrova, Mojmir Racansky, Pavel Horak, Maryna Golovchenko, Milan Raska, Natalie Rudenko, and Michal Krupka. 2021. "Seroprevalence of Antibodies against Tick-Borne Pathogens in Czech Patients with Suspected Post-Treatment Lyme Disease Syndrome" Microorganisms 9, no. 11: 2217. https://doi.org/10.3390/microorganisms9112217

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