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Humanities 2018, 7(4), 132; https://doi.org/10.3390/h7040132

Intertextuality in Diane di Prima’s Loba: Religious Discourse and Feminism

Department of Modern Languages, Universidad Católica San Antonio de Murcia, 30107 Murcia, Spain
Received: 17 October 2018 / Revised: 8 December 2018 / Accepted: 13 December 2018 / Published: 16 December 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Beat Generation Writers as Readers of World Literature)
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Abstract

The last three decades have witnessed a significant increase in the academic interest in the Beat Generation. No longer seen as “know-nothing bohemians” (Podhoretz 1958), scholars have extended the scope of Beat studies, either by generating renewed interest in canonical authors, by expanding the understanding of what Beat means, or by broadening the aesthetic or theoretical lens through which we read Beat writers and poets. Among these, the transnational perspective on Beat writing has sparked careful re-examinations of Beat authors and their works that seek to recognize, among other things, the impact that transnational cultures and literatures have had on Beat writers. Diane di Prima’s long poem Loba (Di Prima 1998), a feminist epic the poet started writing in the early 1970s, draws on a vast array of transnational texts and influences. Most notoriously, di Prima works with mythological and religious texts to revise and challenge the representation of women throughout history. This paper explores di Prima’s particular use of world narratives in light of a feminist poetics and politics of revision. Through the example of “Eve” and the “Virgin Mary”, two of the many female characters whose textual representation is challenged in Loba, the first part of the paper considers di Prima’s use of gnostic and Christian discourses and their impact on her feminist politics of revision. The second part of the paper situates Loba in the specific context of Second-Wave feminism and the rise of Goddess Movement feminist groups. Drawing from the previous analysis, this part reevaluates di Prima’s collection in light of the essentialist debate that analyzes the texts arising from this tradition as naïve and apolitical. View Full-Text
Keywords: Beat Generation; Beat women; Diane di Prima; feminism; Loba; Goddess Movement; intertextuality; religious discourse Beat Generation; Beat women; Diane di Prima; feminism; Loba; Goddess Movement; intertextuality; religious discourse
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Encarnación-Pinedo, E. Intertextuality in Diane di Prima’s Loba: Religious Discourse and Feminism. Humanities 2018, 7, 132.

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