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Humanities 2018, 7(4), 110; https://doi.org/10.3390/h7040110

From Interethnic Alliances to the “Magical Negro”: Afro-Asian Interactions in Asian Latin American Literature

Department of Literatures, Languages and Cultures, Associated Faculty, Critical Race and Ethnic Studies, University of California, Merced, CA 95343, USA
Received: 24 September 2018 / Revised: 25 October 2018 / Accepted: 2 November 2018 / Published: 5 November 2018
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Abstract

This essay studies Afro-Asian sociocultural interactions in cultural production by or about Asian Latin Americans, with an emphasis on Cuba and Brazil. Among the recurrent characters are the black slave, the china mulata, or the black ally who expresses sympathy or even marries the Asian character. This reflects a common history of bondage shared by black slaves, Chinese coolies, and Japanese indentured workers, as well as a common history of marronage. These conflicts and alliances between Asians and blacks contest the official discourse of mestizaje (Spanish-indigenous dichotomies in Mexico and Andean countries, for example, or black and white binaries in Brazil and the Caribbean) that, under the guise of incorporating the other, favored whiteness while attempting to silence, ignore, or ultimately erase their worldviews and cultures. View Full-Text
Keywords: Afro-Asian interactions; Asian Latin American literature and characters; Sanfancón; china mulata; “magical negro”; chinos mambises; Brazil; Cuba; transculturation; discourse of mestizaje Afro-Asian interactions; Asian Latin American literature and characters; Sanfancón; china mulata; “magical negro”; chinos mambises; Brazil; Cuba; transculturation; discourse of mestizaje
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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López-Calvo, I. From Interethnic Alliances to the “Magical Negro”: Afro-Asian Interactions in Asian Latin American Literature. Humanities 2018, 7, 110.

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