Gendered and Racial Injustices in American Food Systems and Cultures
2. Wrongs without Wrongdoers: Structural Food Injustices That Disadvantage Women and Minorities
2.1. Dolores’s Choices
2.2. Wrongs with(out) Wrongdoers
Social structures do not constrain in the form of direct coercion of some individuals over others; they constrain more indirectly and cumulatively as blocking possibilities. Part of the difficulty of seeing structure, moreover, is that we do not experience particular institutions, particular material facts, or particular rules as themselves sources of constraint; the constraints occur through the joint action of individuals within institutions and given physical conditions as they affect our possibilities.
2.3. Situating Responsibility
3. Women and Womanliness: Gendered Food Injustices in American Culture
3.1. The Hazards of Gendered Food Injustice
3.2. Responsibility without Agency
3.3. Women as Food
4. The “Ideal” Mediterranean Diet?: The Risks of Promoting De-Territorialized Foodways without Cultural Context
4.1. The De-Territorialization of the Mediterranean Diet
4.2. The Dangers of the “Best” Dietary Model
4.3. Re-Territorializing Traditional Foodways
5. Food Contamination Standards That Can Foster or Reduce Food Injustice
5.1. Practicing Gotho in a New Land
5.2. Talking about Food Safety
5.3. Making Gundruk, Safely
5.4. New Lexicon, New Culture
6. Designing Food Artifacts for Social Justice and Sustainability
6.1. Micro and Macro Level Food Systems by Design
6.2. Critical and Systemic Design
6.3. A Critical and Systemic Approach to Designing Food Artifacts
7. Conclusions: Using Critical and Systemic Design Principles to Promote Food Justice and Sustainability
Institutional Review Board Statement
Informed Consent Statement
Conflicts of Interest
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Kitch, S.; McGregor, J.; Mejía, G.M.; El-Sayed, S.; Spackman, C.; Vitullo, J. Gendered and Racial Injustices in American Food Systems and Cultures. Humanities 2021, 10, 66. https://doi.org/10.3390/h10020066
Kitch S, McGregor J, Mejía GM, El-Sayed S, Spackman C, Vitullo J. Gendered and Racial Injustices in American Food Systems and Cultures. Humanities. 2021; 10(2):66. https://doi.org/10.3390/h10020066Chicago/Turabian Style
Kitch, Sally, Joan McGregor, G. Mauricio Mejía, Sara El-Sayed, Christy Spackman, and Juliann Vitullo. 2021. "Gendered and Racial Injustices in American Food Systems and Cultures" Humanities 10, no. 2: 66. https://doi.org/10.3390/h10020066