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Housing First and Single-Site Housing

Department of Public Policy and Political Economy, The University of Texas at Dallas, 800 West Campbell Road, GR 31, Richardson, TX 75080-3021, USA
Soc. Sci. 2019, 8(4), 129;
Received: 15 February 2019 / Revised: 3 April 2019 / Accepted: 22 April 2019 / Published: 24 April 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Housing First: Ending Homelessness)
PDF [211 KB, uploaded 24 April 2019]


In 2002, the United States embraced the Housing First approach, which led to the widespread adoption of this approach in cities across the nation. This resulted in programmatic variations of Housing First and calls for clarity about the Housing First model. This study uses a comparative case study approach to explore the differences across Housing First programs in five selected cities: Dallas, Austin, Houston, Los Angeles, and Salt Lake City. It focuses on one aspect of programmatic variation: housing type. Data collection consisted of in-depth interviews with 53 participants, documentation review, and site visits. Findings show differences in the type of housing used and explore the reasons why Housing First programs select such housing configurations. The results highlight how programmatic variation does not necessarily mean the Housing First model lacks clarity. Rather, homeless service providers adapt the model to address local challenges and needs, resulting in the variation seen across programs and cities. The findings elucidate the debate about variation in the Housing First model and the call for fidelity. View Full-Text
Keywords: chronic homelessness; Housing First; homelessness policy chronic homelessness; Housing First; homelessness policy
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Chen, P.M. Housing First and Single-Site Housing. Soc. Sci. 2019, 8, 129.

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