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Gendered Career Pathways among Doctoral Graduates in the United Kingdom

Department of Sociology, Philosophy and Anthropology, University of Exeter, Clayden, Streatham Rise, Exeter EX4 4PE, UK
Soc. Sci. 2019, 8(11), 317; https://doi.org/10.3390/socsci8110317
Received: 29 July 2019 / Revised: 12 November 2019 / Accepted: 12 November 2019 / Published: 16 November 2019
While women form about half of PhD students in Western countries, previous studies have shown that female doctoral graduates are underrepresented in senior positions and have lower earnings compared to their male counterparts within and outside academia. Less is known however about the role of gender in determining the odds of securing a permanent position among doctorate recipients. In this study, we use data from the UK Doctoral Impact and Career Tracking Survey from 2013 to explore the career trajectories of doctoral graduates within seven to nine years after earning their degree. We find that in every observed time point following graduation (0.5, 3.5, and 7–9 years), men are significantly more likely to work in a permanent job than women are. Furthermore, gender gaps in permanent employment are particularly pronounced in the private sector and in non-academic occupations. Using a nested logistic regression model, we find that the higher propensity of female doctoral graduates to work in part-time employment compared to their male counterparts, in combination with other differential employment characteristics has cumulative negative implications on their likelihood of securing a permanent position. View Full-Text
Keywords: gender; higher education; doctoral graduates; job security; family–work balance gender; higher education; doctoral graduates; job security; family–work balance
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Peri-Rotem, N. Gendered Career Pathways among Doctoral Graduates in the United Kingdom. Soc. Sci. 2019, 8, 317.

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