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Assessing Cognitive and Social Attitudes toward Environmental Conservation in Coral Reef Social-Ecological Systems

1
Institute for Geocomputational Analysis and Statistics (GeoCAS), University of the Virgin Islands, St. Thomas, VI 00802, USA
2
Department of Computational and Computer Science, College of Science and Mathematics, University of the Virgin Islands, St. Thomas, VI 00802, USA
Soc. Sci. 2018, 7(7), 109; https://doi.org/10.3390/socsci7070109
Received: 20 May 2018 / Revised: 15 June 2018 / Accepted: 27 June 2018 / Published: 30 June 2018
This study addresses the latent construct of attitudes toward environmental conservation based on study participant’s responses. We measured and evaluated the latent scale based on an 18-item scale instrument, over four experimental strata (N = 945) in the US Virgin Islands and the Caribbean. We estimated the latent scale reliability and validity. We further fitted multiple alternative two-parameter logistic (2PL) and graded response models (GRM) from Item-Response Theory. We finally constructed and fitted equivalent structural and generalized structural equation models (SEM/GSEM) for the attitudinal latent scale. All scale measures (composite, alpha-based, IRT-based, and SEM-based) were consistently and reliably valid measures of the study participants’ latent attitudes toward conservation. We found statistically significant differences among participant’s attributes relating to socio-demographic, physical, and core environmental characteristics of participants. We assert that the nature of relationship between cognitive attitudes and individual as well as social behavior related to environmental conservation. View Full-Text
Keywords: environmental attitudes; coral reefs; scale development; item-response theory; graded response model; social-ecological systems; reliability; generalized structural equation model environmental attitudes; coral reefs; scale development; item-response theory; graded response model; social-ecological systems; reliability; generalized structural equation model
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MDPI and ACS Style

Alexandridis, K. Assessing Cognitive and Social Attitudes toward Environmental Conservation in Coral Reef Social-Ecological Systems. Soc. Sci. 2018, 7, 109. https://doi.org/10.3390/socsci7070109

AMA Style

Alexandridis K. Assessing Cognitive and Social Attitudes toward Environmental Conservation in Coral Reef Social-Ecological Systems. Social Sciences. 2018; 7(7):109. https://doi.org/10.3390/socsci7070109

Chicago/Turabian Style

Alexandridis, Kostas. 2018. "Assessing Cognitive and Social Attitudes toward Environmental Conservation in Coral Reef Social-Ecological Systems" Social Sciences 7, no. 7: 109. https://doi.org/10.3390/socsci7070109

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