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Soc. Sci. 2015, 4(4), 1269-1315;

Assessing Energy Security Using Indicator-Based Analysis: The Case of ASEAN Member Countries

Graduate School of Energy Science, Kyoto University, Yoshida Honmachi, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto-shi, Kyoto 606-8501, Japan
Kyoto University Research Reactor Institute, Kumatori-cho, Sennan-gun, Osaka 590-0494, Japan
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Martin J. Bull
Received: 23 June 2015 / Revised: 6 November 2015 / Accepted: 26 November 2015 / Published: 4 December 2015


Using indicator-based assessment, this study examines the energy security of nine Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) member countries to see how it has evolved over the past 12 years and identifies a country-specific energy security context for each country. The assessment uses 42 energy security indicators, which can be separated into five components: overall energy balance, socio-economic aspect, domestic energy resources, overseas energy demands and resources, and diversification of energy supply. The findings show different energy security situations among ASEAN member nations that are a result of national energy contexts, specifically uneven economic and energy infrastructure developments. The context, at a national level, affects the connotation of energy security and the interpretation of the indicators, which reflects different primary issues of concern regarding energy security. At the international level, due to the diversity, the interconnection of intra-regional energy markets could contribute to energy self-reliance of the region. Adversely, the difference could hinder the prospect of cooperation due to the lack of consensus on shared value. View Full-Text
Keywords: ASEAN; energy security; security of supply; energy security indicator ASEAN; energy security; security of supply; energy security indicator

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Kanchana, K.; Unesaki, H. Assessing Energy Security Using Indicator-Based Analysis: The Case of ASEAN Member Countries. Soc. Sci. 2015, 4, 1269-1315.

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