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Article

Teresa Żarnower’s Mnemonic Desire for Defense of Warsaw: De-Montaging Photography

Department of Art and Visual History, Humboldt University, 10117 Berlin, Germany
Received: 22 April 2020 / Revised: 12 July 2020 / Accepted: 20 July 2020 / Published: 28 July 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue World War, Art, and Memory: 1914 to 1945)
Teresa Żarnower (1897, Warsaw, Poland–1949, New York, United States), a Polish Constructivist artist of Jewish descent who was forced to emigrate abroad during World War II, became a dominant figure working for the Polish government in exile. She produced a series of photomontages for a book titled The Defense of Warsaw, which was published in 1942 by a “Polish Labor Group” in New York. Żarnower used her technical expertise in photomontage to create new configurations of war photographs documenting Nazi Germany’s attack on Poland in 1939. She chose this shocking and politically loaded content to gain credibility and global attention for her work. Drawing on Benjamin Buchloh’s essay From Faktura to Factography, the aim of this study is to analyze the factographic paradigm in the usage of war photography and in the context of the esthetics of constructivist photomontage. The focus will lie on its mnemonic and archival functions, further highlighting the montage’s function as a key form of social memory model. View Full-Text
Keywords: Polish constructivist photomontage; politics of architectural photomontage; antiwar book; Jewish female artist; exiled interwar avant-garde; model of social memory; war photography; mnemonic construction of war; iconography of death; documentary methods in art Polish constructivist photomontage; politics of architectural photomontage; antiwar book; Jewish female artist; exiled interwar avant-garde; model of social memory; war photography; mnemonic construction of war; iconography of death; documentary methods in art
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MDPI and ACS Style

Rogucka, M.A. Teresa Żarnower’s Mnemonic Desire for Defense of Warsaw: De-Montaging Photography. Arts 2020, 9, 84. https://doi.org/10.3390/arts9030084

AMA Style

Rogucka MA. Teresa Żarnower’s Mnemonic Desire for Defense of Warsaw: De-Montaging Photography. Arts. 2020; 9(3):84. https://doi.org/10.3390/arts9030084

Chicago/Turabian Style

Rogucka, Maria A. 2020. "Teresa Żarnower’s Mnemonic Desire for Defense of Warsaw: De-Montaging Photography" Arts 9, no. 3: 84. https://doi.org/10.3390/arts9030084

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