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Article

Directing the Legal Radar at Forced Labour—Under Special Consideration of Male Victims in Norway

Faculty of Social Studies, VID Specialized University, Vinderen, NO-0319 Oslo, Norway
Academic Editor: Samantha Jeffries
Laws 2022, 11(3), 39; https://doi.org/10.3390/laws11030039
Received: 21 November 2021 / Revised: 1 April 2022 / Accepted: 20 April 2022 / Published: 22 April 2022
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Migrants and Human Rights Protections)
Human trafficking in the form of labour exploitation appears to have gone under the legal radar domestically, regionally, and internationally, with ensuing grave consequences for the victims concerned. This paper critically discusses the current legal developments and interpretations of global and regional legal sources on forced labour and the challenges they face. A legal analysis is supplemented by information obtained through interviews with 14 presumed male victims of forced labour, who recently escaped a coercive work situation and were living in a safe house in Oslo (Norway). The paper will demonstrate the shortcomings of the law and its application, using the case of Norway and the affected men as an example. It examines the case law of the European Court of Human Rights using a vulnerability approach and argues that the inaction in preventing and prosecuting crimes committed towards people who are exploited for forced labour is a violation of their human rights and may be interpreted as granting impunity to their perpetrators. The situation for male victims of forced labour is particularly severe. View Full-Text
Keywords: forced labour; human trafficking; human rights; modern slavery; ECHR; Norway forced labour; human trafficking; human rights; modern slavery; ECHR; Norway
MDPI and ACS Style

Lingaas, C. Directing the Legal Radar at Forced Labour—Under Special Consideration of Male Victims in Norway. Laws 2022, 11, 39. https://doi.org/10.3390/laws11030039

AMA Style

Lingaas C. Directing the Legal Radar at Forced Labour—Under Special Consideration of Male Victims in Norway. Laws. 2022; 11(3):39. https://doi.org/10.3390/laws11030039

Chicago/Turabian Style

Lingaas, Carola. 2022. "Directing the Legal Radar at Forced Labour—Under Special Consideration of Male Victims in Norway" Laws 11, no. 3: 39. https://doi.org/10.3390/laws11030039

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