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Article

Media and Responsibility for Their Effects: Instrumental vs. Environmental Views

Communication & Culture, York University, Toronto, ON M3J 1P3, Canada
Laws 2021, 10(2), 48; https://doi.org/10.3390/laws10020048
Received: 28 April 2021 / Revised: 7 June 2021 / Accepted: 9 June 2021 / Published: 11 June 2021
From the perspective of media ecology, this paper explores the question of responsibility for the effects that media have on society. To explain these media effects, two approaches are singled out. (1) The instrumental approach assumes that a medium works as a tool used by a user for a purpose. (2) The environmental approach focuses on the capacity of a medium to become an environmental force that reshapes both the habitat and the inhabitants. The instrumental approach to media, when taken too broadly and without an understanding of its limits, leads to conspiracy theories and inadequate social and political assessments. The more advanced and sophisticated environmental approach allows for an adequate understanding of media evolution and its effects but does not comply with the traditional legal notions of guilt and responsibility for actions, as there is no jurisdictional human or institutional agency when environmental forces are in play. After charting the distinction between the instrumental and environmental views of media, the paper focused on how the instrumental effects of media turn into environmental effects. The purpose of the paper is to develop and offer a media ecological apparatus for possible further juridical discussions regarding the regulation of the networking society. View Full-Text
Keywords: media effects; internet regulation; media ecology; social media; Marshal McLuhan media effects; internet regulation; media ecology; social media; Marshal McLuhan
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MDPI and ACS Style

Miroshnichenko, A. Media and Responsibility for Their Effects: Instrumental vs. Environmental Views. Laws 2021, 10, 48. https://doi.org/10.3390/laws10020048

AMA Style

Miroshnichenko A. Media and Responsibility for Their Effects: Instrumental vs. Environmental Views. Laws. 2021; 10(2):48. https://doi.org/10.3390/laws10020048

Chicago/Turabian Style

Miroshnichenko, Andrey. 2021. "Media and Responsibility for Their Effects: Instrumental vs. Environmental Views" Laws 10, no. 2: 48. https://doi.org/10.3390/laws10020048

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