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Surface Nitridation of Aluminum Nanoparticles by Off-Line Operation and Its Kinetics Analysis

1
School of Materials Science and Engineering, Southwest University of Science and Technology, Mianyang 621010, China
2
Analytical & Testing Center, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610064, China
3
College of Materials Science and Engineering, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610064, China
4
Technical Institute of Physics and Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Metals 2018, 8(4), 289; https://doi.org/10.3390/met8040289
Received: 15 March 2018 / Revised: 19 April 2018 / Accepted: 20 April 2018 / Published: 23 April 2018
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Abstract

To improve combustion efficiency and anti-oxidation property of aluminum nanoparticles (ANs), surface nitridation of ANs was performed in a pipe furnace under the protection of nitrogen gas in a glove-operation hermetic box via an off-line nitridation process. The product was characterized by transmission electron microscopy (TEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) analysis. A core-shell nanostructure with an aluminum nitride (AlN) coating on the ANs core was observed. The empirical kinetic triplets (Ea, A, and f(α)) for the nitridation of ANs, for the first time, were calculated and analyzed using five types of iso-conversional methods and a differentiation method. The effects of the kinetics of the reaction were investigated by simultaneous differential scanning calorimetry–thermogravimetry (DSC-TG) and thermal analysis using linear programmed temperature at different heating rates. View Full-Text
Keywords: aluminum nanoparticles; surface nitridation; core-shell structure; kinetic analysis aluminum nanoparticles; surface nitridation; core-shell structure; kinetic analysis
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Yi, Y.; Li, D.; Ma, D.; Luo, D.; Yang, W.; Ma, W. Surface Nitridation of Aluminum Nanoparticles by Off-Line Operation and Its Kinetics Analysis. Metals 2018, 8, 289.

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