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Open AccessArticle

Microstructure of Semi-Solid Billets Produced by Electromagnetic Stirring and Behavior of Primary Particles during the Indirect Forming Process

School of mechanical engineering, Kyungnam University, 7 Kyungnamdaehak-ro, Masanhappo-gu, Gyeongsangnam-do, Changwon-si 51767, Korea
Metals 2018, 8(4), 271; https://doi.org/10.3390/met8040271
Received: 18 February 2018 / Revised: 6 April 2018 / Accepted: 12 April 2018 / Published: 15 April 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Semi-Solid Processing of Alloys and Composites)
An A356 alloy semi-solid billet was fabricated using electromagnetic stirring. After inserting the semi-solid billet into an indirect die, a thin plate of 1.2 mm thickness was fabricated by applying compression. The microstructure of the semi-solid billets fabricated in various stirring conditions (solid fraction and stirring force) were analyzed. The deformation and behavior of the primary α-Al particles were analyzed for various parameters (solid fraction, die friction, compression rate, and compression pressure). In the stirred billets, a globular structure was dominant, while a dendrite structure was dominant in the unstirred billets. As the solid fraction decreased and the stirring current increased, the equivalent diameter and roundness of the primary α-Al particles decreased. The primary α-Al particle sizes were reduced as the compressing velocity increased, while a greater number of particles could move as the compressing pressure increased. As the path over which the motion occurred became smoother, the fluidity of the particles improved. Under compression, bonded primary α-Al particles became separated into individual particles again, as the bonds were broken. As wearing caused by friction and collisions between the particles during this motion occurred, the particle sizes were reduced, and the particle shapes become increasingly spheroid. View Full-Text
Keywords: semi-solid material; A356 alloy; electromagnetic stirring; compression; primary α-Al particle semi-solid material; A356 alloy; electromagnetic stirring; compression; primary α-Al particle
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MDPI and ACS Style

Jin, C.K. Microstructure of Semi-Solid Billets Produced by Electromagnetic Stirring and Behavior of Primary Particles during the Indirect Forming Process. Metals 2018, 8, 271.

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