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Open AccessArticle

Effect of Mo Content on Microstructure and Property of Low-Carbon Bainitic Steels

The State Key Laboratory of Refractories and Metallurgy, Key Laboratory for Ferrous Metallurgy and Resources Utilization of Ministry of Education, Wuhan University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430081, China
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Soran Birosca
Metals 2016, 6(8), 173;
Received: 17 June 2016 / Revised: 18 July 2016 / Accepted: 19 July 2016 / Published: 23 July 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Process-Structure-Property Relationships in Metals)
In this work, three low-carbon bainitic steels, with different Mo contents, were designed to investigate the effects of Mo addition on microstructure and mechanical properties. Two-step cooling, i.e., initial accelerated cooling and subsequent slow cooling, was used to obtain the desired bainite microstructure. The results show that the product of strength and elongation first increases and then shows no significant change with increasing Mo. Compared with Mo-free steel, bainite in the Mo-containing steel tends to have a lath-like morphology due to a decrease in the bainitic transformation temperature. More martensite transformation occurs with the increasing Mo, resulting in greater hardness of the steel. Both the strength and elongation of the steel can be enhanced by Mo addition; however, the elongation may decrease with a further increase in Mo. From a practical viewpoint, the content of Mo could be ~0.14 wt. % for the composition design of low-carbon bainitic steels in the present work. To be noted, an optimal scheme may need to consider other situations such as the role of sheet thickness, toughness behavior and so on, which could require changes in the chemistry. Nevertheless, these results provide a reference for the composition design and processing method of low-carbon bainitic steels. View Full-Text
Keywords: bainitic transformation; low carbon; microstructure; property bainitic transformation; low carbon; microstructure; property
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MDPI and ACS Style

Hu, H.; Xu, G.; Zhou, M.; Yuan, Q. Effect of Mo Content on Microstructure and Property of Low-Carbon Bainitic Steels. Metals 2016, 6, 173.

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