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Open AccessArticle

Influencing Factors for the Microstructure and Mechanical Properties of Micro Porous Titanium Manufactured by Metal Injection Molding

School of Material Science and Engineering, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin 150001, China
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Hugo F. Lopez
Metals 2016, 6(4), 83;
Received: 16 March 2016 / Revised: 30 March 2016 / Accepted: 31 March 2016 / Published: 9 April 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Metal Injection Moulding)
Porous titanium is a new structural and functional material. It is widely used in many fields since it integrates the properties of biomaterials with those of metallic foam. A new technology that combines both the preparation and forming of porous materials has been proposed in this paper. Moreover, a new solder was developed that could be employed in the joining of porous materials. Influencing factors for microstructure and mechanical properties of the parent material and joint interface are identified. Metal injection molding (MIM) technology was used for fabricating porous materials. The feedstock for injection molding of porous titanium powders was prepared from titanium powders and a polymer-based binder system. In addition, the proportion of powder loading and binders was optimized. Through MIM technology, a porous titanium filter cartridge was prepared. For the purpose of investigating the thermal debinding technology of the filter cartridge, effects of the sintering temperature on the porosity, morphology of micropores and mechanical properties were analyzed. It could be found that when the sintering temperature increased, the relative density, bending and compression strength of the components also increased. Moreover, the porosity reached 32.28% when the sintering temperature was 1000 °C. The microstructure morphology indicated that micropores connected with each other. Meanwhile, the strength of the components was relatively high, i.e., the bending and compression strength was 65 and 60 MPa, respectively. By investigating the joining technology of porous filter cartridges, the ideal components of the solder and pressure were determined. Further research revealed that the micropore structure of the joint interface is the same as that of the parent material, and that the bending strength of the joint interface is 40 MPa. View Full-Text
Keywords: micropore; metal injection molding; porous filter cartridge micropore; metal injection molding; porous filter cartridge
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Lu, Z.; Huang, Z.; Jiang, S.; Liu, W.; Zhang, K. Influencing Factors for the Microstructure and Mechanical Properties of Micro Porous Titanium Manufactured by Metal Injection Molding. Metals 2016, 6, 83.

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