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Open AccessArticle

Nondestructive Investigation of Neutron Irradiation Generated Structural Changes of Reactor Steel Material by Magnetic Hysteresis Method

1
Centre for Energy Research, H-1121 Budapest, 29-33 Konkoly Thege Miklos ut, Hungary
2
SCK CEN Belgian Nuclear Research Centre, 2400 Mol, Belgium
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Metals 2020, 10(5), 642; https://doi.org/10.3390/met10050642
Received: 23 April 2020 / Revised: 6 May 2020 / Accepted: 13 May 2020 / Published: 15 May 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue FaSTeP: Faultless Steel Production and Manufacturing)
The neutron irradiation embrittlement of four different types of nuclear pressure vessel materials (three base metals and one weld material) were investigated by a magnetic nondestructive testing method, magnetic adaptive testing (MAT). The method is based on the measurement of minor magnetic hysteresis loops on Charpy specimens irradiated by neutrons in the BR2 reactor. Due to the neutron irradiation, the structure of the material was modified. The Charpy impact method is suitable for destructive characterization of material embrittlement. The results of Charpy impact test measurements at SCK CEN Belgian Nuclear Research Centre were compared with the nondestructively measured magnetic parameters. A definite correlation was found between magnetic descriptors and the ductile-to-brittle transition temperature (DBTT), regardless of the type of material or irradiation condition. The results suggest that this “calibration curve“ can be used to estimate the DBTT from non-destructive measurements. View Full-Text
Keywords: steel degradation; nuclear reactor pressure vessel; magnetic NDT; magnetic adaptive testing; neutron irradiation steel degradation; nuclear reactor pressure vessel; magnetic NDT; magnetic adaptive testing; neutron irradiation
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Vértesy, G.; Gasparics, A.; Uytdenhouwen, I.; Szenthe, I.; Gillemot, F.; Chaouadi, R. Nondestructive Investigation of Neutron Irradiation Generated Structural Changes of Reactor Steel Material by Magnetic Hysteresis Method. Metals 2020, 10, 642.

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