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Keeping It in the Family: Intersectionality and ‘Class A’ Drug Dealing by Females in the West of Scotland

1
Institute of Youth and Community Studies, University of the West of Scotland, Paisley PA1 2BE, UK
2
Department of Social Sciences, University of Northumbria, Newcastle NE1 8ST, UK
3
School of Media, Culture and Society, University of the West of Scotland, Paisley PA1 2BE, UK
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Societies 2019, 9(1), 22; https://doi.org/10.3390/soc9010022
Received: 13 November 2018 / Revised: 12 March 2019 / Accepted: 13 March 2019 / Published: 19 March 2019
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Abstract

Post-industrial urban landscapes connected with neo-liberalism may provide novel opportunities for the emancipation of working-class women who were traditionally, like women of other social classes, largely subjugated to men socially and economically in the period of collective male-led unionization and manufacturing. Based on qualitative data, our interpretative study locates itself in an international field of criminality and illuminates the criminal practices of women connected with the criminal world of illicit drugs. Our contribution extends this field of scholarship into the culture of the West of Scotland. We identify through an intersectional sensibility of ‘doing femininity’ on the street and the nexus of a familial domicile, the ways in which women’s agency remains restricted, contrary to an emancipation argument. We conclude that their ‘liberation’ is negatively truncated for two reasons: firstly, criminality necessarily distorts freedoms and secondly, subtle ties with an overarching violent masculinity were retained. View Full-Text
Keywords: intersectionality; female; drugs; crime; masculinity; Glasgow intersectionality; female; drugs; crime; masculinity; Glasgow
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Holligan, C.; Mclean, R.; Irvine, A.; Brick, C. Keeping It in the Family: Intersectionality and ‘Class A’ Drug Dealing by Females in the West of Scotland. Societies 2019, 9, 22.

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