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Young People’s Critical Politicization in Spain in the Great Recession: A Generational Reconfiguration?

1
Department of Sociology II – Social Structure, National University of Distance Education, 28040 Madrid, Spain
2
Department of Social Sciences, Universidad Carlos III de Madrid, 28903 Getafe, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Societies 2018, 8(3), 89; https://doi.org/10.3390/soc8030089
Received: 15 June 2018 / Revised: 3 September 2018 / Accepted: 14 September 2018 / Published: 18 September 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Youth Studies: Values, Practices and Discourses on Generations)
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Abstract

During the last decade, Spain has experienced, like other surrounding countries, a deep economic crisis accompanied by an unprecedented political and institutional crisis. This has led to a growing mistrust in institutions and a dissatisfaction with democracy, but also an increase in interest in politics, which implies an interesting change regarding other situations. Young people of the so-called ‘crisis generation’, who have socialized in a new and changing context, also participate in this process of change, and have moreover played a leading role in the public space. In order to analyze young people’s politicization process, in this article we use data from the European Social Survey (rounds 1–7, from 2000 to 2014) and the Young People in Spain Survey (2016). We developed a typology of attitudes towards politics and identified, using discrete choice models, the demographic and socioeconomic profile of young people particularly dissatisfied with politics. Our results show that, although young people socialized in the context of the crisis are very critical of politics, instead of moving further away from democratic politics or rejecting it openly, in most cases they politicize their discontent. Even those most critical of the way in which democracy works in the country have a very participatory political behavior, both in forms of nonelectoral and electoral participation. View Full-Text
Keywords: youth studies; generations; political socialization; political discontent; political behavior; trust in institutions; democracy satisfaction; transitions to adulthood youth studies; generations; political socialization; political discontent; political behavior; trust in institutions; democracy satisfaction; transitions to adulthood
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Benedicto, J.; Ramos, M. Young People’s Critical Politicization in Spain in the Great Recession: A Generational Reconfiguration? Societies 2018, 8, 89.

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