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Open AccessArticle

Development and Validation of the Psychological Well-Being Scale for Children (PWB-c)

Erasmus School of History, Culture and Communication ESHCC, Erasmus University Rotterdam, 3000DR Rotterdam, The Netherlands
Behavioural Science Institute BSI, Radboud University, 6503GG Nijmegen, The Netherlands
Amsterdam School of Communication Research ASCoR, University of Amsterdam, 1001NG Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Societies 2018, 8(1), 18;
Received: 14 November 2017 / Revised: 2 March 2018 / Accepted: 5 March 2018 / Published: 8 March 2018
Research into children’s psychological well-being is scarce and fragmented. To be able to study the predictors of children’s psychological well-being and advance the field, a reliable and valid measure is needed. In studies among adults, psychological well-being (PWB) is commonly measured along six dimensions (environmental mastery, personal growth, purpose in life, self-acceptance, autonomy, and positive relations with others) using Ryff’s PWB scale. Because the original scale was too abstract for use among children, we adapted its items to make them suitable for 8- to 12-year-olds. After a successful pretest, we conducted a pilot study (N = 157) and main study (N = 1877) to test the statistical properties of our Psychological Well-Being scale for children (PWB-c). Based on confirmatory factor analysis three versions were developed with, respectively, 24, 12, and 6 items. All versions were tested for internal consistency, test-retest reliability, and construct validity. We recommend using the 24- or 12-item versions of the scale, because they score high on all three criteria. View Full-Text
Keywords: psychological well-being; children; scale development; scale validation psychological well-being; children; scale development; scale validation
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Opree, S.J.; Buijzen, M.; Van Reijmersdal, E.A. Development and Validation of the Psychological Well-Being Scale for Children (PWB-c). Societies 2018, 8, 18.

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