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Mechanisms of Hamstring Strain Injury: Interactions between Fatigue, Muscle Activation and Function

1
UCAM Research Center for High Performance Sport, Catholic University San Antonio, 30830 Murcia, Spain
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Department of Performance, Royal Antwerp Football Club, 2100 Deurne, Belgium
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Department of Performance and Health, New York City Football Club, New York, NY 10962, USA
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National Institute of Physical Education (INEFC), University of Barcelona, 08038 Barcelona, Spain
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Masira Institute, University of Santander (UDES), Bucaramanga 680011, Colombia
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Mindeportes (Colombian Ministry of Sport), Bogota 110311, Colombia
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Laboratory of Analysis of Sport Performance, Department of Physical Education and Sport, Faculty of Education, Sport Section, University of the Basque Country, 01007 Vitoria, Spain
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Faculty of Kinesiology, University of Zagreb, 10110 Zagreb, Croatia
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Department of Performance, Football Club Barcelona, 08028 Barcelona, Spain
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Centre for Exercise and Sports Science Research (CESSR), School of Medical and Health Sciences, Edith Cowan University, Joondalup 6027, Australia
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Faculty of Sport Sciences, Catholic University San Antonio, 30107 Murcia, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sports 2020, 8(5), 65; https://doi.org/10.3390/sports8050065
Received: 7 April 2020 / Revised: 4 May 2020 / Accepted: 12 May 2020 / Published: 18 May 2020
Isolated injury to the long head of biceps femoris is the most common type of acute hamstring strain injury (HSI). However, the precise hamstring injury mechanism (i.e., sprint-type) is still not well understood, and research is inconclusive as to which phase in the running cycle HSI risk is the greatest. Since detailed information relating to hamstring muscle function during sprint running cannot be obtained in vivo in humans, the findings of studies investigating HSI mechanisms are based on modeling that requires assumptions to be made based on extrapolations from anatomical and biomechanical investigations. As it is extremely difficult to account for all aspects of muscle-tendon tissues that influence function during high-intensity running actions, much of this complexity is not included in these models. Furthermore, the majority of analyses do not consider the influence of prior activity or muscular fatigue on kinematics, kinetics and muscle activation during sprinting. Yet, it has been shown that fatigue can lead to alterations in neuromuscular coordination patterns that could potentially increase injury risk. The present critical review will evaluate the current evidence on hamstring injury mechanism(s) during high-intensity running and discuss the interactions between fatigue and hamstring muscle activation and function. View Full-Text
Keywords: athletic injuries (MeSH); hamstring muscles (MeSH); running (MeSH); biomechanics; muscle functioning; fatigue (MeSH) athletic injuries (MeSH); hamstring muscles (MeSH); running (MeSH); biomechanics; muscle functioning; fatigue (MeSH)
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MDPI and ACS Style

Huygaerts, S.; Cos, F.; Cohen, D.D.; Calleja-González, J.; Guitart, M.; Blazevich, A.J.; Alcaraz, P.E. Mechanisms of Hamstring Strain Injury: Interactions between Fatigue, Muscle Activation and Function. Sports 2020, 8, 65. https://doi.org/10.3390/sports8050065

AMA Style

Huygaerts S, Cos F, Cohen DD, Calleja-González J, Guitart M, Blazevich AJ, Alcaraz PE. Mechanisms of Hamstring Strain Injury: Interactions between Fatigue, Muscle Activation and Function. Sports. 2020; 8(5):65. https://doi.org/10.3390/sports8050065

Chicago/Turabian Style

Huygaerts, Shaun, Francesc Cos, Daniel D. Cohen, Julio Calleja-González, Marc Guitart, Anthony J. Blazevich, and Pedro E. Alcaraz. 2020. "Mechanisms of Hamstring Strain Injury: Interactions between Fatigue, Muscle Activation and Function" Sports 8, no. 5: 65. https://doi.org/10.3390/sports8050065

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