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Open AccessArticle

Off-Season Training Habits and BMI, Not Preseason Jump Measures, Are Associated with Time-Loss Injury in Female Collegiate Soccer Players

1
School of Physical Therapy, George Fox University, 414 N. Meridian St., Newberg, OR 97132, USA
2
School of Kinesiology, Counseling, and Rehabilitative Sciences, Northern Kentucky University, Highland Heights, KY 41099, USA
3
Division of Natural Sciences and Health, Warner Pacific University, Portland, OR 97215, USA
4
Sports Medicine Department, George Fox University, Newberg, OR 97132, USA
5
Sports Medicine Department, Lewis and Clark College, Portland, OR 97219, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sports 2020, 8(3), 36; https://doi.org/10.3390/sports8030036
Received: 2 January 2020 / Revised: 9 March 2020 / Accepted: 11 March 2020 / Published: 15 March 2020
The primary purpose of this study was to determine the effectiveness of the standing long jump (SLJ) and the single-leg hop (SLH) tests to discriminate lower quadrant (low back and lower extremities) injury occurrence in female collegiate soccer players. The secondary purpose of this study was to determine associations between injury and off-season training habits or anthropometric measures. SLJ, SLH, and anthropometric measures were collected during a preseason screening clinic. Each subject completed a questionnaire providing demographic information and off-season training habits. Each athlete performed three SLJ and three SLH per leg. SLJ and SLH scores were not associated with an increased risk of a noncontact time-loss lower quadrant (LQ) injury. Athletes with a higher BMI or who reported less time training during the off-season were two times more likely to sustain an injury. Athletes who had both a higher body mass index (BMI) and lower off-season training habits were three times (relative risk = 3.1 (95% CI: 1.7, 5.5) p-value = 0.0001) more likely to sustain a noncontact time-loss lower quadrant injury. Preseason SLJ and SLH scores do not discriminate injury risk in female collegiate soccer players. Higher BMI and lower off-season training habits are associated with an increased risk of LQ injury. View Full-Text
Keywords: epidemiology; football; functional performance test; injury screening; preseason epidemiology; football; functional performance test; injury screening; preseason
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MDPI and ACS Style

Brumitt, J.; Mattocks, A.; Engilis, A.; Sikkema, J.; Loew, J. Off-Season Training Habits and BMI, Not Preseason Jump Measures, Are Associated with Time-Loss Injury in Female Collegiate Soccer Players. Sports 2020, 8, 36. https://doi.org/10.3390/sports8030036

AMA Style

Brumitt J, Mattocks A, Engilis A, Sikkema J, Loew J. Off-Season Training Habits and BMI, Not Preseason Jump Measures, Are Associated with Time-Loss Injury in Female Collegiate Soccer Players. Sports. 2020; 8(3):36. https://doi.org/10.3390/sports8030036

Chicago/Turabian Style

Brumitt, Jason; Mattocks, Alma; Engilis, Amy; Sikkema, Jill; Loew, Jeremy. 2020. "Off-Season Training Habits and BMI, Not Preseason Jump Measures, Are Associated with Time-Loss Injury in Female Collegiate Soccer Players" Sports 8, no. 3: 36. https://doi.org/10.3390/sports8030036

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