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Self-Concept in Adolescents—Relationship between Sport Participation, Motor Performance and Personality Traits

1
Institute of Sports Science, Saarland University, Saarbruecken 66123, Germany
2
Department of Sport Science, University of Kaiserslautern, Kaiserslautern 67663, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Eling Douwe de Bruin
Sports 2017, 5(2), 22; https://doi.org/10.3390/sports5020022
Received: 26 January 2017 / Revised: 21 March 2017 / Accepted: 1 April 2017 / Published: 4 April 2017
The relationship between sport participation, personality development, self-concept and self-esteem has been discussed repeatedly. In this research, a standardized written survey together with tests on motor performance were carried out with 1399 students (707 male; 692 female) in school years 7 (12.9 ± 0.6 years) and 10 (15.8 ± 0.6 years) to measure the extent of a relationship between physical self-concept (self-developed short scale) and sporting activity, measured motor performance (German motor performance test DMT (Deutscher Motorik-Test) 6–18) and report mark in physical education. Relationships were also analyzed between physical self-concept and general personality traits (neuroticism, extraversion, openness to experiences, compatibility, and conscientiousness, measured with NEO Five Factor Inventory (NEO-FFI)). The assessment of own physical attractiveness and own athleticism differs by sex (F(1, 962) = 35.21; p < 0.001), whereby girls assess themselves more critically. Weak significant relationships are displayed between motor performance and the assessment of own physical attractiveness (r(395) = 0.31; p < 0.01). Motor performance is given a higher predictive value with regard to a subject’s own self-concept, (physical attractiveness β = 0.37; t(249) = 5.24; p < 0.001; athleticism β = 0.40; t(248) = 6.81; p < 0.001) than the mark achieved in physical education (physical attractiveness β = −0.01; n.s.; athleticism β = −0.30; t(248) = 5.10; p < 0.001). Relationships were found overall between personality traits and physical self-concept. The influence of the ‘neuroticism’ trait is particularly strong (physical attractiveness β = −0.44; t(947) = −13.58; p < 0.001; athleticism β = −0.27; t(948) = −7.84; p < 0.001). The more pronounced this trait, the lower the assessment of own physical attractiveness and own athleticism. View Full-Text
Keywords: motor performance; personality traits; self-concept; sport participation motor performance; personality traits; self-concept; sport participation
MDPI and ACS Style

Klein, M.; Fröhlich, M.; Emrich, E. Self-Concept in Adolescents—Relationship between Sport Participation, Motor Performance and Personality Traits. Sports 2017, 5, 22. https://doi.org/10.3390/sports5020022

AMA Style

Klein M, Fröhlich M, Emrich E. Self-Concept in Adolescents—Relationship between Sport Participation, Motor Performance and Personality Traits. Sports. 2017; 5(2):22. https://doi.org/10.3390/sports5020022

Chicago/Turabian Style

Klein, Markus, Michael Fröhlich, and Eike Emrich. 2017. "Self-Concept in Adolescents—Relationship between Sport Participation, Motor Performance and Personality Traits" Sports 5, no. 2: 22. https://doi.org/10.3390/sports5020022

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