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Sports 2016, 4(4), 51;

Supplementation Strategies to Reduce Muscle Damage and Improve Recovery Following Exercise in Females: A Systematic Review

Discipline of Biokinetics, Exercise and Leisure Sciences, School of Health Sciences, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban 3629, South Africa
Department of Nutrition, Food and Exercise Sciences, Institute of Sport Sciences and Medicine, Florida State University, Tallahassee, FL 32308, USA
Discipline of Sport and Exercise Science, University of Canberra Research Institute for Sport and Exercise, Faculty of Health, University of Canberra, Canberra ACT 2601, Australia
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Eling de Bruin
Received: 26 July 2016 / Revised: 31 October 2016 / Accepted: 6 November 2016 / Published: 11 November 2016
Full-Text   |   PDF [486 KB, uploaded 11 November 2016]   |  


Exercise-induced muscle damage (EIMD) caused by unaccustomed or strenuous exercise can result in reduced muscle force, increased muscle soreness, increased intramuscular proteins in the blood, and reduced performance. Pre- and post-exercise optimal nutritional intake is important to assist with muscle-damage repair and reconditioning to allow for an accelerated recovery. The increased demand for training and competing on consecutive days has led to a variety of intervention strategies being used to reduce the negative effects of EIMD. Nutritional intervention strategies are largely tested on male participants, and few report on sex-related differences relating to the effects of the interventions employed. This review focuses on nutritional intervention strategies employed to negate the effects of EIMD, focussing solely on females. View Full-Text
Keywords: EIMD; recovery; protein; blueberries; inflammation EIMD; recovery; protein; blueberries; inflammation

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Köhne, J.L.; Ormsbee, M.J.; McKune, A.J. Supplementation Strategies to Reduce Muscle Damage and Improve Recovery Following Exercise in Females: A Systematic Review. Sports 2016, 4, 51.

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