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Open AccessConcept Paper

Genetic Variation in Insect Vectors: Death of Typology?

Yale University, 21 Sachem Street, New Haven, CT 06520-8105, USA
Insects 2018, 9(4), 139; https://doi.org/10.3390/insects9040139
Received: 14 September 2018 / Revised: 1 October 2018 / Accepted: 8 October 2018 / Published: 11 October 2018
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Abstract

The issue of typological versus population thinking in biology is briefly introduced and defined. It is then emphasized how population thinking is most relevant and useful in vector biology. Three points are made: (1) Vectors, as they exist in nature, are genetically very heterogeneous. (2) Four examples of how this is relevant in vector biology research are presented: Understanding variation in vector competence, GWAS, identifying the origin of new introductions of invasive species, and resistance to inbreeding. (3) The existence of high levels of vector genetic heterogeneity can lead to failure of some approaches to vector control, e.g., use of insecticides and release of sterile males (SIT). On the other hand, vector genetic heterogeneity can be harnessed in a vector control program based on selection for refractoriness. View Full-Text
Keywords: typology; population thinking; vector biology; vector control; Aedes aegypti; Anopheles gambiae typology; population thinking; vector biology; vector control; Aedes aegypti; Anopheles gambiae
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Powell, J.R. Genetic Variation in Insect Vectors: Death of Typology? Insects 2018, 9, 139.

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