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Brief Report

Fungal Transformation of Tree Stumps into a Suitable Resource for Xylophagous Beetles via Changes in Elemental Ratios

Institute of Environmental Sciences, Jagiellonian University, ul. Gronostajowa 7, 30-387 Kraków, Poland
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Academic Editors: Tsuyoshi Yoshimura, Wakako Ohmura, Vernard Lewis and Ryutaro Iwata
Insects 2016, 7(2), 13; https://doi.org/10.3390/insects7020013
Received: 10 February 2016 / Revised: 30 March 2016 / Accepted: 5 April 2016 / Published: 9 April 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Management of Wood-Attacking Insects)
The elements present in dead pine stumps inhabited by larvae of wood-boring beetles (Stictoleptura rubra, Arhopalus rusticus and Chalcophora mariana) were analyzed over the initial (first 5 years; a chronosequence) stages of wood decay. The quantities of N, P, K, Ca, Mg, Fe, Zn, Mn, Cu and Na (but not S) increased with increases in the content of ergosterol (used as a proxy for the amount of fungal tissue). In fact, the amounts of P, N, K, Fe and Cu presented marked increases. These findings show that fungi stoichiometrically rearrange dead wood by importing externally occurring nutrients to decaying stumps. During the first years of wood decay, the ratios of C to other elements decrease substantially, but differently, for various elements, whereas the N:Fe, N:Cu, N:P and N:K ratios remain relatively stable. Therefore, the stoichiometric mismatch between xylophages and their food is greatly reduced. By changing the nutritional stoichiometry of dead wood, fungi create a nutritional niche for wood-eaters, and these changes enable the development of xylophages. View Full-Text
Keywords: ecological stoichiometry; fungi; decomposition; trophic link; nutrient flow; deadwood; beetle; xylophage; nutrition; development ecological stoichiometry; fungi; decomposition; trophic link; nutrient flow; deadwood; beetle; xylophage; nutrition; development
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MDPI and ACS Style

Filipiak, M.; Sobczyk, Ł.; Weiner, J. Fungal Transformation of Tree Stumps into a Suitable Resource for Xylophagous Beetles via Changes in Elemental Ratios. Insects 2016, 7, 13. https://doi.org/10.3390/insects7020013

AMA Style

Filipiak M, Sobczyk Ł, Weiner J. Fungal Transformation of Tree Stumps into a Suitable Resource for Xylophagous Beetles via Changes in Elemental Ratios. Insects. 2016; 7(2):13. https://doi.org/10.3390/insects7020013

Chicago/Turabian Style

Filipiak, Michał, Łukasz Sobczyk, and January Weiner. 2016. "Fungal Transformation of Tree Stumps into a Suitable Resource for Xylophagous Beetles via Changes in Elemental Ratios" Insects 7, no. 2: 13. https://doi.org/10.3390/insects7020013

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