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Reciprocal Trophic Interactions and Transmission of Blood Parasites between Mosquitoes and Frogs

Department of Biology, Acadia University, Wolfville, NS B4P 2R6, Canada
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Insects 2012, 3(2), 410-423;
Received: 13 March 2012 / Revised: 20 March 2012 / Accepted: 21 March 2012 / Published: 3 April 2012
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Trophic Interactions of Insects and Amphibians)
The relationship between mosquitoes and their amphibian hosts is a unique, reciprocal trophic interaction. Instead of a one-way, predator-prey relationship, there is a cyclical dance of avoidance and attraction. This has prompted spatial and temporal synchrony between organisms, reflected in emergence time of mosquitoes in the spring and choice of habitat for oviposition. Frog-feeding mosquitoes also possess different sensory apparatuses than do their mammal-feeding counterparts. The reciprocal nature of this relationship is exploited by various blood parasites that use mechanical, salivary or trophic transmission to pass from mosquitoes to frogs. It is important to investigate the involvement of mosquitoes, frogs and parasites in this interaction in order to understand the consequences of anthropogenic actions, such as implementing biocontrol efforts against mosquitoes, and to determine potential causes of the global decline of amphibian species. View Full-Text
Keywords: frogs; insects; parasitism; predation frogs; insects; parasitism; predation
MDPI and ACS Style

Ferguson, L.V.; Smith, T.G. Reciprocal Trophic Interactions and Transmission of Blood Parasites between Mosquitoes and Frogs. Insects 2012, 3, 410-423.

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