Next Article in Journal
Disentangling Ethiopian Honey Bee (Apis mellifera) Populations Based on Standard Morphometric and Genetic Analyses
Next Article in Special Issue
Knowledge, Attitude, and Practices Survey in Greece before the Implementation of Sterile Insect Technique against Aedes albopictus
Previous Article in Journal
A Review of the Impacts and Opportunities for African Urban Dragonflies
Previous Article in Special Issue
Operational Parameters for the Aerial Release of Sterile Codling Moths Using an Uncrewed Aircraft System
Review

Sterile Insect Technique (SIT) against Aedes Species Mosquitoes: A Roadmap and Good Practice Framework for Designing, Implementing and Evaluating Pilot Field Trials

1
Centre Technique Interprofessionnel des Fruits et Légumes (CTIFL), Centre Opérationnel de Balandran, 751 Chemin de Balandran, 30127 Bellegarde, France
2
Collectif TIS (Technique de l’Insecte Stérile), 751 Chemin de Balandran, 30127 Bellegarde, France
3
Mosquito Hunters, 620 Peachtree St, Atlanta, GA 30308, USA
4
Centre for Environmental Policy, Imperial College London, London SW7 1NE, UK
5
ASTRE (Animal, Santé, Territoires, Risques, Ecosystèmes), Cirad, Univ Montpellier, 34398 Montpellier, France
6
Centro Agricoltura Ambiente “Giorgio Nicoli”, S.r.l. Via Sant’Agata, 835, 40014 Crevalcore, Italy
7
Institut Louis Malardé, Papeete, 98713 Tahiti, French Polynesia
8
Insect Pest Control Laboratory, Joint FAO/IAEA Programme of Nuclear Techniques in Food and Agriculture, IAEA Vienna, Wagramer Strasse 5, 1400 Vienna, Austria
9
UMR MIVEGEC (Maladies Infectieuses et Vecteurs: Écologie, Génétique, Évolution et Contrôle), IRD-CNRS-Univ. Montpellier, 34394 Montpellier, France
10
Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Pembroke Place, Liverpool L3 5QA, UK
11
TDR (Special Programme for Research and Training in Tropical Diseases), WHO, 20 Avenue Appia, 1121 Geneva, Switzerland
12
Biogents AG, Weissenburgstr. 22, 93055 Regensburg, Germany
13
Benaki Phytopathological Institute. 8, S. Delta str., Kifissia, 14561 Athens, Greece
14
Grupo Tragsa–KM. 4,5 Bajo, A28476208-EMPRE, Moncada, 46113 Valencia, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Nicholas M. Teets
Insects 2021, 12(3), 191; https://doi.org/10.3390/insects12030191
Received: 11 January 2021 / Revised: 16 February 2021 / Accepted: 20 February 2021 / Published: 24 February 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sterile Insect Technique (SIT) and Its Applications)
The sterile insect technique is familiar to agricultural pest management and is now being increasingly applied to mosquitoes as part of integrated vector management programs. This review leans on a growing literature and on the experience of its many authors to describe the key steps, and the challenges to be surmounted, in order to design and execute successful pilot studies in many environments. We emphasize integrating stakeholder mapping and engagement at all levels. Included are introductory descriptions of the key elements to (1) ensure wide stakeholder support through transparent communication plans and the identification of regulatory and financial frameworks; (2) select suitable field sites; (3) build a sound, and locally-adapted, integrated vector management strategy; (4) access the technical advancements to ensure high-quality releases; and (5) reliably assess the impacts and benefits of the field trial.
Aedes albopictus and Aedes aegypti are invasive mosquito species that impose a substantial risk to human health. To control the abundance and spread of these arboviral pathogen vectors, the sterile insect technique (SIT) is emerging as a powerful complement to most commonly-used approaches, in part, because this technique is ecologically benign, specific, and non-persistent in the environment if releases are stopped. Because SIT and other similar vector control strategies are becoming of increasing interest to many countries, we offer here a pragmatic and accessible ‘roadmap’ for the pre-pilot and pilot phases to guide any interested party. This will support stakeholders, non-specialist scientists, implementers, and decision-makers. Applying these concepts will ensure, given adequate resources, a sound basis for local field trialing and for developing experience with the technique in readiness for potential operational deployment. This synthesis is based on the available literature, in addition to the experience and current knowledge of the expert contributing authors in this field. We describe a typical path to successful pilot testing, with the four concurrent development streams of Laboratory, Field, Stakeholder Relations, and the Business and Compliance Case. We provide a graphic framework with criteria that must be met in order to proceed. View Full-Text
Keywords: mosquito control; SIT; integrated vector management; stakeholder engagement; pilot trial mosquito control; SIT; integrated vector management; stakeholder engagement; pilot trial
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Oliva, C.F.; Benedict, M.Q.; Collins, C.M.; Baldet, T.; Bellini, R.; Bossin, H.; Bouyer, J.; Corbel, V.; Facchinelli, L.; Fouque, F.; Geier, M.; Michaelakis, A.; Roiz, D.; Simard, F.; Tur, C.; Gouagna, L.-C. Sterile Insect Technique (SIT) against Aedes Species Mosquitoes: A Roadmap and Good Practice Framework for Designing, Implementing and Evaluating Pilot Field Trials. Insects 2021, 12, 191. https://doi.org/10.3390/insects12030191

AMA Style

Oliva CF, Benedict MQ, Collins CM, Baldet T, Bellini R, Bossin H, Bouyer J, Corbel V, Facchinelli L, Fouque F, Geier M, Michaelakis A, Roiz D, Simard F, Tur C, Gouagna L-C. Sterile Insect Technique (SIT) against Aedes Species Mosquitoes: A Roadmap and Good Practice Framework for Designing, Implementing and Evaluating Pilot Field Trials. Insects. 2021; 12(3):191. https://doi.org/10.3390/insects12030191

Chicago/Turabian Style

Oliva, Clélia F., Mark Q. Benedict, C M. Collins, Thierry Baldet, Romeo Bellini, Hervé Bossin, Jérémy Bouyer, Vincent Corbel, Luca Facchinelli, Florence Fouque, Martin Geier, Antonios Michaelakis, David Roiz, Frédéric Simard, Carlos Tur, and Louis-Clément Gouagna. 2021. "Sterile Insect Technique (SIT) against Aedes Species Mosquitoes: A Roadmap and Good Practice Framework for Designing, Implementing and Evaluating Pilot Field Trials" Insects 12, no. 3: 191. https://doi.org/10.3390/insects12030191

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop