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Open AccessArticle

Potential of Cucurbitacin B and Epigallocatechin Gallate as Biopesticides against Aphis gossypii

by 1,2,3,4, 1,2,3, 1, 1, 3, 2,* and 1,*
1
State Key Laboratory of Cotton Biology, Institute of Cotton Research, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Anyang 455000, China
2
College of Horticulture and Plant Protection, Yangzhou University, Yangzhou 225009, China
3
Hubei Insect Resources Utilization and Sustainable Pest Management Key Laboratory, College of Plant Science and Technology, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan 430072, China
4
College of Plant Protection, Henan Agricultural University, Zhengzhou 450001, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Insects 2021, 12(1), 32; https://doi.org/10.3390/insects12010032
Received: 21 November 2020 / Revised: 29 December 2020 / Accepted: 31 December 2020 / Published: 5 January 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Biology and Management of Sap-Sucking Pests)
The Aphis gossypii is a global problem for its pesticide resistance with substantial economic and ecological cost and a wide host range, including cotton and cucurbits. The development of insecticide resistance is rapid and widespread and threatens crop productivity. Biopesticides have emerged as a better alternative for pest control. Cucurbitacin B (CucB) and epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG) are the major secondary metabolites of host plants cucurbits and cotton. In this study, we used cotton- and cucurbit-specialized aphids (CO and CU) as a study system to better understand the effects of CucB and EGCG on cotton aphid. Our study showed that CucB and EGCG can significantly reduce the population-level fitness of A. gossypii, affect their ability to adapt to nonhost plants and alter the levels of some detoxifying enzymes, which showed a potential to be developed into new biopesticides against the notorious aphids.
Aphis gossypii (Glover) is distributed worldwide and causes substantial economic and ecological problems owing to its rapid reproduction and high pesticide resistance. Plant-derived cucurbitacin B (CucB) and epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG) are known to have insecticidal and repellent activities. However, their insecticidal activity on cotton- and cucurbit-specialized aphids (CO and CU), the two important host biotypes of A. gossypii, remains to be investigated. In the present study, we characterized, for the first time, the effects of these two plant extracts on the two host biotypes of A. gossypii. CucB and EGCG significantly reduced the A. gossypii population-level fitness and affected their ability to adapt to nonhost plants. Activities of important detoxification enzymes were also altered, indicating that pesticide resistance is weakened in the tested aphids. Our results suggest that CucB and EGCG have unique properties and may be developed as potential biopesticides for aphid control in agriculture. View Full-Text
Keywords: plant-derived pesticide; toxicity; population-level fitness; nonhost adaptation; detoxification enzymes plant-derived pesticide; toxicity; population-level fitness; nonhost adaptation; detoxification enzymes
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MDPI and ACS Style

Zhao, C.; Ma, C.; Luo, J.; Niu, L.; Hua, H.; Zhang, S.; Cui, J. Potential of Cucurbitacin B and Epigallocatechin Gallate as Biopesticides against Aphis gossypii. Insects 2021, 12, 32. https://doi.org/10.3390/insects12010032

AMA Style

Zhao C, Ma C, Luo J, Niu L, Hua H, Zhang S, Cui J. Potential of Cucurbitacin B and Epigallocatechin Gallate as Biopesticides against Aphis gossypii. Insects. 2021; 12(1):32. https://doi.org/10.3390/insects12010032

Chicago/Turabian Style

Zhao, Chenchen; Ma, Chao; Luo, Junyu; Niu, Lin; Hua, Hongxia; Zhang, Shuai; Cui, Jinjie. 2021. "Potential of Cucurbitacin B and Epigallocatechin Gallate as Biopesticides against Aphis gossypii" Insects 12, no. 1: 32. https://doi.org/10.3390/insects12010032

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