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Open AccessArticle

Investigation of Termite Attack on Cultural Heritage Buildings: A Case Study in Aceh Province, Indonesia

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Doctoral Program of Social Sciences Education, Universitas Syiah Kuala, Darussalam Banda, Aceh 23111, Indonesia
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Department of Family Welfare, Faculty of Teacher Training and Education, Universitas Syiah Kuala, Darussalam Banda, Aceh 23111, Indonesia
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Post GraduateProgram, Universitas Islam Negeri Ar-Raniry, Darussalam Banda Aceh 23111, Indonesia
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Department of History Education, Faculty of Teacher Training and Education, Universitas Syiah Kuala, Darussalam Banda, Aceh 23111, Indonesia
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Biology Department, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Universitas Syiah Kuala, Darussalam Banda, Aceh 23111, Indonesia
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Faculty of Education, Tokyo Gakugei University 4-1-1 Nukuikita-machi, Koganei-shi, Tokyo 184-8501, Japan
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Systematic Zoology Laboratory, Department of Biological Science, Graduate School of Science, Tokyo Metropolitan University 1-1 Minami Osawa, Hachioji-shi, Tokyo 192-0397, Japan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Insects 2020, 11(6), 385; https://doi.org/10.3390/insects11060385
Received: 23 April 2020 / Revised: 16 June 2020 / Accepted: 17 June 2020 / Published: 22 June 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Pest Management of Termites)
Surveys of the conditions of termite attack were conducted in two regencies, Pidie and Greater Aceh, Aceh Province, Indonesia (40 houses in each location). Interviews were also conducted with home owners to collect data on the building history; culture, such as daily life in the house; the frequency and intensity of termite attacks; and traditional knowledge for avoiding and/or suppressing termite attacks. We found that 51% of traditional houses were infested by two termite species: Coptotermes gestroi and Nasutitermes matangensis. The lower parts of traditional houses were frequently attacked and severely damaged by termites. Previous land use and the ages of the traditional houses affected the intensity of the termite attacks. Several measures for avoiding and/or suppressing termite attacks on cultural heritage buildings are also proposed. View Full-Text
Keywords: traditional house; wood pest; Coptotermes; Nasutitermes; Sumatra; tropical Asia traditional house; wood pest; Coptotermes; Nasutitermes; Sumatra; tropical Asia
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Novita, N.; Amiruddin, H.; Ibrahim, H.; Jamil, T.M.; Syaukani, S.; Oguri, E.; Eguchi, K. Investigation of Termite Attack on Cultural Heritage Buildings: A Case Study in Aceh Province, Indonesia. Insects 2020, 11, 385.

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