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Open AccessCommunication

Nest Modification Protects Immature Stages of the Japanese Orchard Bee (Osmia cornifrons) from Invasion of a Cleptoparasitic Mite Pest

1
Department of Entomology and Plant Pathology, University of Arkansas, 217 Plant Sciences Building, Fayetteville, AR 72701, USA
2
Department of Biological Sciences, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, AR 72701, USA
3
Fruit Research and Extension Center, Entomology, Pennsylvania State University Biglerville, PA 17307, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Insects 2020, 11(1), 65; https://doi.org/10.3390/insects11010065
Received: 28 December 2019 / Revised: 8 January 2020 / Accepted: 12 January 2020 / Published: 20 January 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Stressors on Bee Health)
Osmia cornifrons (Radoszkowski) (Hymenoptera: Megachilidae) is an effective orchard pollinator. Considering the honey bee population decline in recent years, the conservation and propagation of O. cornifrons as an alternative managed pollinator is important in ensuring adequate pollination of tree fruit crops in the eastern United States. A field study was conducted to determine if nest modifications could reduce mite parasites and parasitoid natural enemies that attack managed O. cornifrons. Paraffin-coated paper liners (straws) were added to create modified nests, and were compared with the unmodified nests (i.e., nests without paper liners). In each nest, we recorded the number of nest cells with cleptoparasitic mites Chaetodactylus krombeini (Baker), and the presence of a parasitoid wasp Monodontomerus obscurus (Westwood). We also recorded the number of cocoons, male pupae, female pupae, and unconsumed pollen-nectar provision masses in these nests. Results showed that using paper liners in nest-tunnels greatly reduced the invasion of natural enemies of managed populations of O. cornifrons. Most notably, the addition of paper liners provided protection from invasion by C. krombeini mites, as the mean number of nest cells with mites were significantly lower in these lined nests compared to the nests without paper liners. A significantly higher number of male and female cocoons of O. cornifrons were recorded in the nests with paper liners. The population of M. obscurus was almost negligible in this field study. These results suggest that using nests with paper liners may accelerate the O. cornifrons population establishment and propagation in commercial orchards of rosaceous fruit crops, and possibly in other crops. View Full-Text
Keywords: mite; cleptoparasite; Japanese orchard bee; pollinator; pest control mite; cleptoparasite; Japanese orchard bee; pollinator; pest control
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Joshi, N.K.; Naithani, K.; Biddinger, D.J. Nest Modification Protects Immature Stages of the Japanese Orchard Bee (Osmia cornifrons) from Invasion of a Cleptoparasitic Mite Pest. Insects 2020, 11, 65.

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