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The Early Northward Migration of the White-Backed Planthopper (Sogatella furcifera) is Often Hindered by Heavy Precipitation in Southern China during the Preflood Season in May and June

1
College of Plant Protection, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing 210095, China
2
Shanghai Academy of Agricultural Science, Shanghai 201403, China
3
Division of Pest Forecasting, China National Agro-Tech Extension and Service Center, Beijing 100026, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Insects 2019, 10(6), 158; https://doi.org/10.3390/insects10060158
Received: 3 April 2019 / Revised: 16 May 2019 / Accepted: 29 May 2019 / Published: 4 June 2019
Seasonal weather systems that establish prevailing winds and seasonal rainfall on a large scale largely determine insect migration patterns, especially for micro-insects with completely windborne migration. Recent studies indicated that the summer migration of the brown planthopper (BPH, Nilaparvata lugens) in eastern China is related to the strength and position of the Western Pacific Subtropical High-Pressure (WPSH) system and its associated wind and rainfall patterns. Compared with the BPH, the white-backed planthopper (WBPH, Sogatella furcifera) has a similar diet, analogous body size, and strong long-distance migration ability. Thus, the migration pattern for the WBPH can be speculated to be similar to that of the BPH. However, the migration pattern of the WBPH and how this pattern relates to climatic conditions have scarcely been described. Based on almost three decades of data (1977–2003), it was suggested that the WBPH in southern China (south of approximately 27° N) migrates into the middle and lower reaches of the Yangtze River after the abrupt movements of the WPSH in mid-June, similar to the BPH. By contrast, the emigration of the WBPH in southern China begins in late May. Further analysis indicated that the migration of the WBPH in late May and early June was short or unsuccessful due to heavy precipitation during the preflood season in southern China from late May to middle June. The results herein demonstrate the differences in migration patterns between two rice planthoppers in the eastern Asia migration arena. We also provide new information that could assist with forecasting outbreaks and implementing control measures against these migratory pests. View Full-Text
Keywords: Sogatella furcifera; Western Pacific Subtropical High-Pressure; insect migration; seasonal atmospheric circulation Sogatella furcifera; Western Pacific Subtropical High-Pressure; insect migration; seasonal atmospheric circulation
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Chen, H.; Chang, X.-L.; Wang, Y.-P.; Lu, M.-H.; Liu, W.-C.; Zhai, B.-P.; Hu, G. The Early Northward Migration of the White-Backed Planthopper (Sogatella furcifera) is Often Hindered by Heavy Precipitation in Southern China during the Preflood Season in May and June. Insects 2019, 10, 158.

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