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Influence of the Nonequilibrium Material State on Wear Resistance

Laboratory of Electric Currents Assisted Sintering Technologies, Moscow State University of Technology “STANKIN”, Vadkovsky Lane 3a, 127055 Moscow, Russia
Department of Scientific Research Programs, Grants And Projects, Railway Research Institute JSC “VNIIZHT”, 3rd Mytischinskaya Street 10, 107996 Moscow, Russia
Department of Mechanical Engineering, McMaster University, 1280 Main Street West, Hamilton, ON L8S4L7, Canada
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Lubricants 2019, 7(6), 53;
Received: 4 June 2019 / Revised: 19 June 2019 / Accepted: 20 June 2019 / Published: 23 June 2019
PDF [583 KB, uploaded 23 June 2019]


The influence of the nonequilibrium state of a material on its wear resistance is investigated in this study. Using methods of non-equilibrium thermodynamics and the theory of self-organization, a non-equilibrium material is shown to possess an overall lower wear rate than a material in an equilibrium state. This was experimentally demonstrated to be the case in different materials and tribosystems, such as Babbit operating in complete lubrication conditions, copper in the current collector and a cutting tool with a coating applied on it. View Full-Text
Keywords: friction; friction surface; secondary structures; self-organization; wear resistance friction; friction surface; secondary structures; self-organization; wear resistance

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Gershman, I.; Mironov, A.; Veldhuis, S.; Gershman, E.I.; Podrabinnik, P.; Kuznetsova, E. Influence of the Nonequilibrium Material State on Wear Resistance. Lubricants 2019, 7, 53.

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