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Galaxies 2016, 4(3), 27;

Sharp Polarimetric Eyes: More Trees than Forest?

Steward Observatory, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85721, USA
Academic Editors: Jose L. Gómez, Alan P. Marscher and Svetlana G. Jorstad
Received: 14 July 2016 / Revised: 29 August 2016 / Accepted: 30 August 2016 / Published: 7 September 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Blazars through Sharp Multi-wavelength Eyes)
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The Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope (Fermi) has focused the intensive multi-wavelength and international observational effort on blazars since it was launched in 2008. Part of this effort involves systematic monitoring of the highly variable polarization of the continuum emission from these objects. These observations are valuable in that they provide direct information on the degree of ordering and orientation on the sky of the magnetic field within the non-thermal emission region(s). Unfortunately, it is not yet possible to measure the polarization of the inverse-Compton continuum, only that of the lower-energy synchrotron emission. The inability to directly compare the polarization of the two dominant continuum sources in blazars is a drawback and leads to more ambiguities in determining their relative locations. There are many compelling examples of strong connections between γ-ray, X-ray, UV/optical/IR, and radio behavior in blazars that suggest the same region produces much of the observed emission at all wavelengths at least some of the time. However, the wealth of polarization behavior seen relative to flux changes invariably results in a complex situation that is difficult to interpret and model. The long-term blazar monitoring program undertaken at Steward Observatory is designed to primarily obtain accurate optical polarimetry of γ-ray-bright blazars during the Fermi mission with the goal of gaining important insights into the jet structure and physics of these objects. Data from this program are available to all researchers as soon as reductions are completed. I briefly detail the current status and progress of the program and the data products available. Although the wide variety of polarization behavior in blazars adds another layer of complexity to an already difficult problem, I summarize several important conclusions that can be drawn from the polarization information gathered during the Fermi era. View Full-Text
Keywords: polarization; radiation mechanisms; non-thermal; techniques; spectroscopic; galaxies: active polarization; radiation mechanisms; non-thermal; techniques; spectroscopic; galaxies: active

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Smith, P.S. Sharp Polarimetric Eyes: More Trees than Forest? Galaxies 2016, 4, 27.

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