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Enhancement of Chest Radiograph in Emergency Intensive Care Unit by Means of Reverse Anisotropic Diffusion-Based Unsharp Masking Model

Department of automatic control, school of optical-electrical and computer engineering, University of Shanghai for Science and Technology, 516 Jungong Road, Shanghai, 200093, China
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Diagnostics 2019, 9(2), 45; https://doi.org/10.3390/diagnostics9020045
Received: 18 March 2019 / Revised: 16 April 2019 / Accepted: 20 April 2019 / Published: 24 April 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Medical Imaging)
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Abstract

In intensive care units (ICUs), supporting devices play an important role, and the placement of these devices must be accurate, such as catheters and tubes. Taking portable chest radiograph (CXRs) for patients in ICU is a standard procedure. However, non-optimized exposure settings and misaligned body positions usually mean that portable CXRs are not in acceptable working condition. The purpose of this study was to enhance ICU CXRs to assist radiologists in the positioning of endotracheal, feeding, and nasogastric tubes in ICU patients. The unsharp masking model (USM) was a classical image enhancement technique. Because of the isotropic diffusion filter applied in this model, USM enhanced the edge information and noise simultaneously. In this paper, we proposed a reverse anisotropic diffusion (RAD)-based USM technique for enhancement of line structures in ICU CXRs. First, a RAD algorithm was applied to replace the Gaussian filter in the classical USM. The RAD algorithm only produced a smoothed image, in which edge information was smoothed while the noise was preserved. Then, the smoothed image was subtracted from the original image to produce the unsharp mask whereby only the edges were retained. Consequently, only edge information was enhanced in the final enhanced image by using the RAD-based USM model. The proposed method was tested for 87 ICU CXRs and the findings indicate that this approach can enhance image edges efficiently while suppressing noise.
Keywords: portable chest radiograph (CXR); intensive care unit (ICU); unsharp masking (USM); reverse anisotropic diffusion (RAD) portable chest radiograph (CXR); intensive care unit (ICU); unsharp masking (USM); reverse anisotropic diffusion (RAD)
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Chen, S.; Cai, Y. Enhancement of Chest Radiograph in Emergency Intensive Care Unit by Means of Reverse Anisotropic Diffusion-Based Unsharp Masking Model. Diagnostics 2019, 9, 45.

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