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The Chairside Periodontal Diagnostic Toolkit: Past, Present, and Future

ADA Science & Research Institute, American Dental Association, Gaithersburg, MD 20879, USA
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Timo Sorsa
Diagnostics 2021, 11(6), 932; https://doi.org/10.3390/diagnostics11060932
Received: 10 March 2021 / Revised: 7 May 2021 / Accepted: 19 May 2021 / Published: 22 May 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Pathology and Molecular Diagnostics)
Periodontal diseases comprise a group of globally prevalent, chronic oral inflammatory conditions caused by microbial dysbiosis and the host immune response. These diseases specifically affect the tooth-supporting tissues (i.e., the periodontium) but are also known to contribute to systemic inflammation. If left untreated, periodontal diseases can ultimately progress to tooth loss, lead to compromised oral function, and negatively impact the overall quality of life. Therefore, it is important for the clinician to accurately diagnose these diseases both early and accurately chairside. Currently, the staging and grading of periodontal diseases are based on recording medical and dental histories, thorough oral examination, and multiple clinical and radiographic analyses of the periodontium. There have been numerous attempts to improve, automate, and digitize the collection of this information with varied success. Recent studies focused on the subgingival microbiome and the host immune response suggest there is an untapped potential for non-invasive oral sampling to assist clinicians in the chairside diagnosis and, potentially, prognosis. Here, we review the available toolkit available for diagnosing periodontal diseases, discuss commercially available options, and highlight the need for collaborative research initiatives and state-of-the-art technology development across disciplines to overcome the challenges of rapid periodontal disease diagnosis. View Full-Text
Keywords: periodontal diseases; oral diagnosis; dental equipment; periodontal probe; diagnostic imaging; biomarkers periodontal diseases; oral diagnosis; dental equipment; periodontal probe; diagnostic imaging; biomarkers
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MDPI and ACS Style

Ko, T.-J.; Byrd, K.M.; Kim, S.A. The Chairside Periodontal Diagnostic Toolkit: Past, Present, and Future. Diagnostics 2021, 11, 932. https://doi.org/10.3390/diagnostics11060932

AMA Style

Ko T-J, Byrd KM, Kim SA. The Chairside Periodontal Diagnostic Toolkit: Past, Present, and Future. Diagnostics. 2021; 11(6):932. https://doi.org/10.3390/diagnostics11060932

Chicago/Turabian Style

Ko, Tae-Jun, Kevin M. Byrd, and Shin A. Kim. 2021. "The Chairside Periodontal Diagnostic Toolkit: Past, Present, and Future" Diagnostics 11, no. 6: 932. https://doi.org/10.3390/diagnostics11060932

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